Historical Evidence of Jesus – Without the Bible

1: Cornelius Tacitus_(born 56 AD)_”Christus, from whom the name had its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of one of our procurators, Pontius Pilatus.”

2: Lucian of Samosata_(born 125 AD)_”The Christians, you know worship a Man to this day, the distinguished personage who introduced their novel rights, and was crucified on that account….it was impressed on them by their original Lawgiver that they are all brothers, from the moment that they are converted, and deny the gods of Greece, and worship the crucified sage, and live after His laws.”

3: Mara Bar-Serapion_(written 73 AD)_“What advantage did the Jews gain from executing their wise King? It was just after that, their kingdom was abolished.”_”Nor did the wise King die for good; He lived on in the teaching which He had given.”

4: Flavius Josephus_(born 37 AD)_”At this time there was a wise man named Jesus. His conduct was good, and [He] was known to be virtuous.”_”Pilate condemned Him to be crucified and to die. And those who had become His disciples did not abandon discipleship.” (Josephus also writes about the *Biological Brother* of Jesus being killed)_”So he assembled the Sanhedrin of judges, and brought before them the (BROTHER) of Jesus, who was called Christ, whose name was James; and when he had formed an accusation against them as breakers of the law, he delivered them to be stoned.”

5: the Babylonian Talmud_(written 70 AD)_”On the eve of the Passover Yeshu was hanged. For forty days before the execution took place, a herald….cried.”_”He is going forth to be stoned because he has practiced sorcery and enticed Israel to apostasy.”

6: Celsus_(born 175 AD)_”Jesus, on account of His poverty, was hired out to go to Egypt. While there, He acquired certain powers which Egyptians pride themselves on possessing. He returned home highly elated at possessing these powers, and on the strength of them gave Himself out to be a God.”

7: Thallus_(born 5 AD)_(quote recorded 33 AD)_”On the whole world there pressed a most fearful darkness; and the rocks were rent by an earthquake, and many places in Judea and other districts were thrown down.”

8: Pliny the Younger_(born 61 AD)_”They [Christians] were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a God, and bound themselves by a solemn oath, not to any wicked deeds, but never to commit any fraud, theft or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up.”

9: Gauis Suetonius Tranquillus_(born 69 AD)_”Because the Jews at Rome caused constant disturbances at the instigation of Chrestus (Christ), he expelled them from Rome.”_”Nero inflicted punishment on the Christians, a sect given to a new and mischievous religious belief.”

10: Hegesippus_(born 110 AD)_”Therefore was the Church called a virgin, for she was not as yet corrupted by worthless teaching. Thebulis it was who, displeased because he was not made bishop, first began to corrupt her by stealth. He too was connected with the seven sects which existed among the people. From these have come false Christs, false prophets, false apostles-men who have split up the one Church into parts through their corrupting doctrines, uttered in disparagement of God and of His Christ.”

11: Clement of Rome_(born 35 AD)_He is said to be the earliest known Christian church leader and teacher outside of the bible. He was appointed by the apostle Peter to lead the Christian community in Rome according to Tertullian. He is mentioned by Paul in (Philippians 4:3) and (1st Corinthians 16:17).

12: Quadratus of Athens_(death 129 AD)_Considered the first Christian “apologist”, he wrote an apologetic argument for Christ’s deity to Roman emperor Hadrian in 124 AD. He was a disciple the apostles, and became bishop of Athens’ after the martyrdom of Publius’ in 125 AD.

13: Ignatius of Antioch_(born 35 AD)_”But our Physician is the Only true God, the unbegotten and unapproachable, the Lord of all, the Father and Begetter of the only-begotten Son.”_(quote from his Letter to the Ephesians: chapter 7)

14: Aristides the Athenian_(death 133 AD)_”Wherefore let all who are without the knowledge of God draw near thereto; and they will receive incorruptible words, which are from all time and from eternity. So shall they appear before the awful judgment which through Jesus the Messiah is destined to come upon the whole human race.”_(letter to Hadrian the king in 125 AD)



Ancient Evidence for Jesus from Non-Christian Sources