Flat Earth Many Other Quotes

“The Astronomer Royal, of England, George B. Airy, in his celebrated work on Astronomy, the “Ipswich Lectures,” says – “Jupiter is a large planet that turns on his axis, and why do not we turn?” Of course, the common sense reply is: Because the Earth is not a planet! When, therefore, an astronomer royal puts words into our mouth wherewith we may overthrow the supposed planetary nature of the Earth, we have not far to go to pick up a proof that Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“As the sun and moon, as well as comets and stars of every kind, can be proved by direct trigonometrical processes, to be within a few hundred miles of the earth’s surface, and, as we have seen, in such a region bodies must be without gravity self-luminous and self-sustaining; we cannot refrain from asking “How far above the earth, and laterally, does such a region extend?” So also in reference to the region of fire below the earth and ocean, the same question must obtrude itself. The only answer, however, which can here be given is, that whereas the region above may and must, for aught man can at present prove to the contrary, extend upwards and laterally without end; so must the region below extend downwards and laterally ad infinitum. Can the earth and the southern external or outer cold and darkness stretch out for ever like an endless diaphragm between the infinitely extending worlds above and below?” ~Zetetic Astronomy Earth Not a Globe by Parallax (Samuel Birley Rowbotham) 1881

“If we examine a true picture of the distant horizon, or the thing itself, we shall find that it coincides exactly with a perfectly straight and level line. Now, since there could be nothing of the kind on a globe, and we find it to be the case all over the Earth, it is a proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not a Globe

“However perfect [the Copernican model] may appear in our own estimation, and however simply and satisfactorily the Newtonian hypotheses may seem to us to account for all the celestial phenomena; yet we are here compelled to admit the astounding truth, if our premises be disputed and our facts challenged, the whole range of astronomy does not contain one proof of it’s own accuracy.” ~Robert Woodhouse, Professor of Astronomy at Cambridge.

“Another instrument, quite as familiar as that of the quadrant or sextant, is the sun-dial. It is the very oldest philosophical instrument ever used or invented by man. And for more than 5,000 years it was used in all its simplicity and perfection of principle ; that is, on the motionless disc of a stationary earth, with a revolving sun to mark the shadows in its daily progress, or circular orbit, from its rising to its setting. But, for the last 200 years, a set of crafty, and fraudulent, and infidel professors have dared to assure their dupes that the sextant and the sun-dial could bo as easily used on a round and revolving globe, as on a circular and motionless plane! And, in the ignorance and credulity of our childhood, we have been led to accept as genuine truth some of the most degrading and senseless superstitions ever devised by the arch-fiend himself, in order to persuade mankind that they were wiser than God, and had far sounder views of his creation.” ~Chart and Compass (London Zetetic Society)

“’Oh, but if the Earth is a plane, we could go to the edge and tumble over!’ is a very common assertion. This is a conclusion that is formed too hastily, and facts overthrow it. The Earth certainly is, what man by his observation finds it to be, and what Mr. Proctor himself says it “seems” to be. flat – and we cannot cross the icy barrier which surrounds it. This is a complete answer to the objection, and, of course, a proof that Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpener, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“The average man can advance not a single reason for thinking that the Earth is round. He merely swallows this theory.” ~George Bernard Shaw

“If the Earth were a globe, people – except those on the top – would, certainly, have to be “fastened” to its surface by some means or other, whether by the “attraction” of astronomers or by some other undiscovered and undiscoverable process! But, as we know that we simply walk on its surface without any other aid than that which is necessary for locomotion on a plane, it follows that we have, herein, a conclusive proof that Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“It is certain that the theory of the Earth’s rotundity and that of its mobility must stand or fall together. A proof, then, of its immobility is virtually a proof of its non-rotundity. Now, that the Earth does not move, either on an axis, or in an orbit round the Sun or anything else, is easily proven. If the Earth went through space at the rate of eleven-hundred miles in a minute of time, as astronomers teach us, in a particular direction, there would unquestionably be a, difference in the result of firing off a projectile in that direction and in a direction the opposite of that one. But as, in fact, there is not the slightest difference in any such case, it is clear that any alleged motion of the Earth is disproved, and that, therefore, we have a proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“Men take it for granted nowadays that the sun is firmly fixed in the middle and the planets revolve around it in ellipses. In the near future, however, it will be realized that the view of the world held by the school of Copernicus and Kepler is very convenient, but as an explanation of the macrocosm it is not the truth.” ~Rudolph Steiner

“Spinning gyroscope gimbal base: If in fact the earth were a spinning globe, a gyroscope in a gimbal placed on a level table should show the spin of the earth, if the earth were spinning. The gimbal surrounding the gyroscope would show a movement of 1.25° within 5 minutes, and 15° in one hour. Such experiments have been performed. The experiments showed no movement whatsoever of the gimbal around the gyroscope, thus proving the Earth is not a spinning globe.” ~Matt Browning

“To control the masses, heliocentrism must be introduced early and often, so that it becomes a deeply ingrained belief. While at the same time, belief in a flat earth is always portrayed by the educational authorities as evidence of abject ignorance and even insanity.” ~Edward Hendrie

“As we have seen that there is, really no south point (or pole) but an infinity of points forming, together, a vast circumference — the boundary of the known world, with its battlements of icebergs which bid defiance to man’s onward course, in a southerly direction – so there can be no east or west “points,’ just as there is no “yesterday,” and no “tomorrow.” In fact, as there is one point that is fixed (the North), it is impossible for any other point to be fixed likewise. East and west are, therefore, merely directions at right angles with a north and south line: and as the south point of the compass shifts round to all parts of the circular boundary, (as it may be carried round the central North) so the directions east and west, crossing this line, continued to form a circle at any latitude. A westerly circumnavigation, is going around with the North Star continually on the right hand, and an easterly circumnavigation is performed only when the reverse condition of things is maintained, the North Star being on the left hand as the journey is made. These facts, taken together, form a beautiful proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“Your eye level is your reference point for drawing the perspective lines. All lines above your eye level will go down to the horizon vanishing point and all lines below your eye level will go up to the horizon vanishing point.” ~Robert A. Lovett

“If the Earth were a globe, an observer who should ascend above its surface would have to took downwards at the horizon (if it be possible to conceive of a horizon at all under such circumstances) even as astronomical diagrams indicate that angles – varying from ten to nearly fifty degrees below the “horizontal” line of sight! (It is just as absurd as it would be to be taught that when we look at a man full in the face we are looking down at his feet!) But, as no observer in the clouds, or upon any eminence on the earth, has ever had to do so, it follows that the diagrams spoken of are imaginary and false; that the theory which requires such things to prop it up is equally airy and untrue; and that we have a substantial proof that Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“Astronomers have made experiments with pendulums which have been suspended from the interior of high buildings, and have exulted over the idea of being able to prove the rotation of the Earth on its “axis,” by the varying direction taken by the pendulum over a prepared table underneath – asserting that the table moved round under the pendulum, instead of the pendulum shifting and oscillating in different directions over the table! But, since it has been found that, as often as not, the pendulum went round the wrong way for the “rotation” theory, chagrin has taken the place of exultation, and we have a proof of the failure of astronomers in their efforts to substantiate their theory, and, therefore, a proof that Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“If the Earth were a globe, rolling and dashing through “space” at the rate of “a hundred miles in five seconds of time,” the waters of seas and oceans could not, by any known law, be kept on its surface – the assertion that they could be retained under these circumstances being an outrage upon human understanding and credulity! But as the Earth – that is, the habitable world of dry land – is found to be “standing out of the wafer and in the water” of the “mighty deep,” whose circumferential boundary is ice, we may throw the statement back into the teeth of those who make it and flaunt before their faces the flag of reason and common sense, inscribed with a proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“The Sun, as he travels round over the surface of the Earth, brings “noon” to all places on the successive meridians which he crosses: his journey being made in a westerly direction, places east of the Sun’s position have had their noon, whilst places to the west of the Sun’s position have still to get it. Therefore, if we travel easterly, we arrive at those parts of the Earth where “time” is more advanced, the watch in our pocket has to be “put on”or we may be said to “gain time.” If, on the other hand, we travel westerly, we arrive at places where it is still “morning,” the watch has to be “put back,” and it may be said that we “lose time.” But, if we travel easterly so as to cross the 180th meridian, there is a loss, there, of a day, which will neutralize the gain of a whole circumnavigation; and, if we travel westerly, and cross the same meridian, we experience the gain of a day, which will compensate for the loss during a complete circumnavigation in that direction. The fact of losing or gaining time in sailing round the world, then, instead of being evidence of the Earth’s “rotundity,” as it is imagined to be, is, in its practical exemplification, an everlasting proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proof Earth Not A Globe

“It has been shown that an easterly or a westerly motion is necessarily a circular course round the central North, The only north point or centre of motion of the heavenly bodies known to man is that formed by the North Star, which is over the central portion of the outstretched Earth. When, therefore, astronomers tell us of a planet taking a westerly course round the Sun, the thing is as meaningless to them as it is to us, unless they make the Sun the northern centre of the motion, which they cannot do! Since, then, the motion which they tell us the planets have is, on the face of it, absurd; and since, as a matter of fact, the Earth can have no absurd motion at all, it is clear that it cannot be what astronomers say it is – a planet; and, if not a planet, it is a proof that Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“The heavens declare the glory of God.” In spite of “the fool” having “said in his heart, there is no God,” the above statement, which forms the opening words of the 19th Psalm, is an admirable fact, which can be grasped and appreciated by all classes and kinds of God-fearing men and women. “And the firmament showeth His handiwork.” These words are as true now as they were when they were written by the Sweet Psalmist of Israel hundreds of years ago. The Psalmist goes on to say : “Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night showeth knowledge.” Let us listen to the “speech”’ uttered, and profit by the “knowledge” shown daily. “There is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard,” yet the heavens speak not in an unknown tongue, nor to any one nation, but the significance of what they declare may be understood by enlightened men of various nationalities; and without the gift or the cultivation of tongues. “Their line (or rule) is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world.” This shows that the heavenly bodies have influence, power or “rule” all through the earth. “In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun.’’ These statements harmonize with the statements made in the beginning of Inspired Writ, viz. : that the sun and moon are “two great lights” which were made by the Creator to give light upon the earth— and to rule over the day and over the night, and divide the light from the darkness— and also to be for signs and for seasons and for days and years.” ~The Earth, (Vol III, Nos. 35-36)

“It was late, but still sunlight. The arctic ocean stretched away in silent vastness at our feet: the sound of the waves scarcely reached our airy look-out. Away in the north the huge old sun swung low along the horizon, like the slow beat of the tall clock in our grandfather’s parlour corner. We all stood silently looking at our watches. When both hands stood together at twelve, midnight, the full round orb hung triumphantly above the wave–a bridge of gold running due north,, spangled the waters between us and him. There he shone in silent majesty which knew no setting. We involuntarily took off our hats–no word was said. Combine the most brilliant sunrise you ever saw, and its beauties will pall before the gorgeous colouring which lit up the ocean, heaven, and mountains. In half an hour the sun had swung up perceptibly on its beat; the colours had changed to those of morning. A fresh breeze had rippled over the florid sea; one songster after another piped out of the grove behind us–we had slid into another day.” ~”Brighton Examiner,” July 1st, 1870.

“The narrative of the latest Antarctic Expedition, under Captain Scott of the ship Discovery, is on the table before me. I read this report with the greatest avidity. My first, and, indeed, my chief, anxiety was to find some genuine evidence of the midnight sun down south, in keeping with stories which were circulated by the men of the ship Morning, on their landing in England. At the time that these curious reports were circulated, I judged them to be thoroughly irresponsible, and now that I have read Captain Cook’s highly responsible narrative I remain in just the same state of mind as before, in that, from first to last there is not the faintest mention of any Midnight Sun, or of any continued daylight,—but the whole phraseology of the report is distinctly in opposition to any such conclusion, and I find the 24 hours invariably divided into the usual intervals of morning and evening, noon and night. The sun also is spoken ot as going and coming, and as rising, and as being below the horizon, and consequently as setting also. This appears to be about September, and is of the utmost importance, in that the point of sunrise is clearly indicated in one instance, showing that the sun actually rose about East North East—northerly—and lit up the sides of the mountains facing north. This point of sunrise is of the utmost importance, because, if the earth were a globe, the sun must have risen about due East, and the eastern sides of the mountains would have been lit up “by the glow of the sun” when “still below the horizon;” whereas the passage goes on to say that “the other sides were dark and shadowy.” ~The Earth (Vol III, Nos. 41-42) pages 298-299.

“The lights which are exhibited in lighthouses are seen by navigators at distances at which, according to the scale of the supposed “curvature” given by astronomers, they ought to be many hundreds of feet, in some cases, down below the line of sight! For instance: the light at Cape Hatteras is seen at such a distance (40 miles) that, according. to theory, it ought to be nine-hundred feet higher above the level of the sea than it absolutely is, in order to be visible! This is a conclusive proof that there is no “curvature,” on the surface of the sea – “the level of the sea,”- ridiculous though it is to be under the necessity of proving it at all: but it is, nevertheless, a conclusive proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“We will now pass on to the consideration of the well-known illustration in support of the rotundity of the earth, namely : observing a ship sailing directly towards the horizon. As has been stated, at a certain distance from the observer, the hull of the ship will gradually disappear from his view ; and when that is quite out of sight, it will be observed that the masts will also disappear in a similar way. Now, it will readily be perceived that the mode of disappearance would happen in the event of the surface, on which the ship is sailing, being an arc—in fact, in no other way could the ship disappear; but by a short consideration of the case, we may be led to question whether or not this same mode of disappearance of the ship might occur if the surface on which the ship is sailing be a PLANE. The following fact has been noted, namely ; that a ship lost to view under the circumstances just mentioned, has been seen after its disappearance by the observer using a powerful telescope. The whole of the ship has thus been brought back to sight. Might one argue about this, that the ship was lost to sight because it was so far advanced along the convex arc that the surface of the water came between the ship and the sight of the observer ? Those who maintain that this experiment is a proof of the rotundity of the earth, would tell us so. If it is, what is to be said to the ship’s being brought back to view again by means of the telescope ? Optics tell us that any object travelling from us (as the ship in the above instance) would disappear in a similar way, in the case of the surface between us and the object being -s. plane. If an observer standing at the end of a long street observe the rows of gas lamps on either side, and their apparent diminution of size as the distance increases, he will see that those nearly lost to view in the extreme distance will present to him nothing but their tops, the lower portions being quite lost to view. If a train be watched closely as it travels from an observer, the wheels and lower parts of the carriages will disappear before the top of the train will do so.” ~E. H. RICHES, LL.D., F.R.A.S., Member of the “London Mathematical Society”.

“The leading actors in history’s most impressive pageant made their entrances. Dressed in expertly designed costumes so vital to the success of each man’s performance. The curtain was going up on what was truly the greatest show on earth before the largest single audience ever assembled. Dawn at the Cape on the sixteenth of July, nineteen hundred and sixty nine. In the minds of many was the emerging concept of a new era for mankind on planet earth.” ~Wernher von Braun “Footprints on the Moon” RARE DOCUMENTARY (1969)

“The surface of all water, when not agitated by natural causes, such as winds, tides, earthquakes, etc., is perfectly level. The sense of sight proves this to every unprejudiced and reasonable mind. Can any so-called scientist, who teaches that the Earth is a whirling globe, take a heap of liquid water, whirl it round, and so make rotundity? He cannot. Therefore it is utterly impossible to prove that an Ocean is a whirling rotund section of a globular earth, rushing through “space” at the lying-given-rate of false philosophers. When a youth, I stood upon the Dover shore of the English Channel, and was told to watch a departing ship. “See! There she goes; down, down, down! The hull has disappeared! She is out of sight! Now, my boy, you have had an occular demonstration that the world is round (meaning globular in shape) AND SEEING IS BELIEVING.” I walked up to an “old salt” who had a telescope, and said : “Can you see that big ship through your glass that’s gone down the Channel, and is now out’ of sight?” “ Yes, my son, “look !” The big ship immediately came into view again, as I peered through the old sailor’s glass ! “ Why! my —–told me the Earth was round, because that ship I can now see had turned down over the horizon!’’ “Aha! aha! sonny, I know they all says it! Now, I have been all over the world, but I never believed it. But, then, I have no learning, only my senses to rely upon, and I says SEEING IS BELIEVING.” I now, after many years, endorse the old sailor’s experience, that the world is not a globe, and I have never found the man who could prove by any practical demonstration that he, or I, are living on a whirling ball of Earth and water! How is it that the atmosphere goes round with it? By what law does the dense Earth and the rare air rush around together? Declare, ye scientists, IF YOU KNOW! The Scriptures of God’s inspired Prophets contradicts the unreasonable, illogical, unscientific delusion, and false philosophy, that the fixed Earth is a hollow fireball with several motions!” ~WILLIAM THOMAS WISEMAN, F.R.G.S., The Earth Not a Globe Review, (No. 4, July 1895)

“It is certain that the theory of the Earth’s rotundity and that of its mobility must stand or fall together. A proof, then, of its immobility is virtually a proof of its non-rotundity. Now, that the Earth does not move, either on an axis, or in an orbit round the Sun or anything else, is easily proven. If the Earth went through space at the rate of eleven-hundred miles in a minute of time, as astronomers teach us, in a particular direction, there would unquestionably be a, difference in the result of firing off a projectile in that direction and in a direction the opposite of that one. But as, in fact, there is not the slightest difference in any such case, it is clear that any alleged motion of the Earth is disproved, and that, therefore, we have a proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“MARCONI’S TRIUMPH.—The success of Signor Marconi in bridging the Atlantic by means of wireless telegraphy has been a matter of especial interest at Dover, as it was while he was carrying out his first cross-Channel demonstration between the South Foreland Lighthouse and Boulogne that Signor Marconi made his first intimation of the possibility of transatlantic success with his system. This was in 1899, when even cross-channel wireless telegraphy was considered marvellous, so that it will be seen what strides the invention has made in three years. At the time he was experimenting at the Foreland, Signor Marconi informed a Dover correspondent, in an interview, that his only doubt concerning transatlantic wireless telegraphy was the effect of the spheroid form of the earth, but he believed he would overcome this difficulty.—The Nottingham Evening Post.” ~The Earth, (Vol III, Nos. 35-36)

“Yes, the Bible does teach that the world is flat” approximately; and consequently there is no need of “ the law o f gravitation ” to “ draw everything to the centre.” But is this teaching of the Bible true — absolutely true? Yes, and the scientists themselves tacitly admit the fact when they declare that “ the upper surface of a fluid at rest under the action of gravity alone is a horizontal plane, since otherwise, if a part of the surface were higher than the rest,”— don’t you see it ? This is a tacit acknowledgment that the world is NOT A GLOBE!! If the World were a Globe, then of necessity “ a part of the surface ” MUST be “ higher than the rest’’ for as they themselves have owned,“ whichever way you go on a Globe you must go down’’ therefore one part must be higher than the other, and that part is the observer’s standpoint. But, be it remembered, that where there is a “ down” there must also be an “up’’ therefore the above statement is a “down”-right proof that the World is not a Globe— but to continue— “those parts of the fluid which were under it would exert a greater pressure upon the surrounding parts than they received from them, so that motion would take place amongst the particles and continue until there were none at a higher level than the rest, that is, until THE UPPER SURFACE OF THE WHOLE MASS OF FLUID BECAME A HORIZONTAL PLANE .” ~The First Principles o f Natural Philosophy by Mr. W. T . Lynn, of the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, p. 51.

“If the Earth were a globe, there would, very likely, be (for nobody knows) six months day and six months night at the arctic and antarctic regions, as astronomers dare to assert there is: – for their theory demands it! But, as this fact – the six months day and six months night – is; nowhere found but in the arctic regions, it agrees perfectly with everything else that we know about the Earth as a plane, and, whilst it overthrows the “accepted theory,” it furnishes a striking proof that Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“The aeronaut is able to start in his balloon and remain for hours in the air, at an elevation of several miles, and come down again in the same county or parish from which he ascended. Now, unless the Earth drag the balloon along with it in its nineteen-miles-a-second motion, it must be left far behind, in space: but, since balloons have never been known thus to be left it is a proof that the Earth does not move, and, therefore, a proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“As the mariners’ compass points north and south at one time, and as the North, to which it is attracted is that part of the Earth situated where the North Star is in the zenith, it follows that there is no south “point” or “pole” but that, while the centre is North, a vast circumference must be South in its whole extent. This is a proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe.

“THE term Zetetic is derived from the Greek verb Zeteo; which means to search, or examine; to proceed only by inquiry; to take nothing for granted, but to trace phenomena to their immediate and demonstrable causes. It is here used in contradistinction from the word ‘theoretic,’ the meaning of which is, speculative — imaginary–not tangible,–scheming, but not proving. None can doubt that by making special experiments, and collecting manifest and undeniable facts, arranging them in logical order, and observing what is naturally and fairly deducible therefrom, the result must be more consistent and satisfactory than the contrary method of framing a theory or system–assuming the existence and operation of causes of which there is no direct and practical evidence, and which is only claimed to be ‘admitted for the sake of argument,’ and for the purpose of giving an apparent and plausible, but not necessarily truthful explanation of phenomena. All theories are of this character. Supposing, instead of inquiring, imagining systems instead of learning from observation and experience the true constitution of things.” ~’Parallax’ (Samuel Birley Rowbotham), Zetetic Astronomy [1881]

“If we travel by land or sea, from any part of the earth in the direction of any meridian line, and towards the northern central star called “Polaris,” we come to one and the same place, a region of ice, where the star which has been our guide is directly above us, or vertical to our position. This region is really THE CENTRE OF THE EARTH; and recent observations seem to prove that it is a vast central tidal sea, nearly a thousand miles in diameter, and surrounded by a great wall or barrier of ice, eighty to a hundred miles in breadth. If from this central region we trace the outline of the lands which project or radiate from it, and the surface of which is above the water, we find that the present form of the earth or “dry land,” as distinguished from the waters of the “great deep,” is an irregular mass of capes, bays, and islands, terminating in great bluffs or headlands, projecting principally towards the south, or, at least, in a direction away from the great northern centre.” ~’Parallax’ (Samuel Birley Rowbotham), Zetetic Astronomy [1881]

“You know that there is more water on the earth than dry land. Here is the first proof : The water proves that the earth is flat, level and stationary. Water is liquid. It runs always down and seeks its level, and never runs up unless by power. And the water of the ocean is every way pretty near joined together on the earth, and they call it liquid. It will not stay on a round earth. Take a glass of water and pour it on a round ball and if the water stays on, then the earth must be round, but if the water falls off then the earth must be flat. This is the proof : Take a pan and fill it with water and see if it is higher in the center than on the sides. If this is true, then the water of the ocean might be round, but if the water in the pan is flat and level, then the water of the ocean must also be flat and level. The water of the ocean is level and can be nothing else, because it is liquid, which proves that the land is flat and not round. The land is not exactly flat and level, for there are mountains and valleys. But it makes no difference, for if the mountains were in the valleys it would leave the land flat and level and higher than the water. I have been thinking of the question for a long time. At last I have found out for myself from the water and the sunbeams, the sun’s rising, the sunlight, etc., that the earth cannot be round and in motion, as books and teachers have taught. The teachers offer proofs to show that the earth is round, but the proofs they offer amount to nothing. When the children go to school, the teacher tells them the world is round, and, of course, they believe it, and they do not ask how it is round. They are young and they know very little. When they grow up they still believe the earth is round and in motion, and so in turn they teach this to others. The water is flat, which proves that the earth is flat and stationary. ” ~John G. Abizaid, The Enlightenment of the World

Is popular science anything else than a disguised pantheism or deification of nature,  expressed  in  all  the  pomposity  and  verbosity of technical terms, along; with  cunning and elaborate  mathematical  formulae and diagrams to mystify the multitudes and delude  University  students — a system of knowledge which originated 4000 years ago with the priest Hermes, Thoth, or Misrain, grandson of Noah, who  founded the Egyptian monarchy? Is not, therefore, popular science necessarily opposed to the true religion of one God the Creator of Nature, and Jesus Christ the only Saviour? ~William Carpenter, Is Newtonian Astronomy True?

“If the Earth were a globe, there certainly would be – if we could imagine the thing to be peopled all round – “antipodes:” “people who,” says the dictionary, “living exactly on the opposite side of the globe to ourselves, have their feet opposite to ours: – people who are hanging heads downwards whilst we are standing heads up! But, since the theory allows us to travel to those parts of the Earth where the people are said to be heads downwards, and still to fancy ourselves to be heads upwards and our friends whom we have left behind – us to be heads downwards, it follows that the whole thing is a myth – a dream – a delusion – and a snare; and, instead of there being any evidence at all in this direction to substantiate the popular theory, it is a plain proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“During the summer solstice, the northern or central region of the earth is illuminated for several months together, during those months it is a long day without a night. This is a phenomenal characteristic of the north. This being the central region, the diameter of the sun’s orbit in June is much smaller than that of its December or winter solstice, its speed is not so great or rapid as it is in December when on its outer path, or orbit on the Tropic of Capricorn, consequently its rays continue over the northern centre for several months. But in the south this is not the case, though it would be if the earth were a planet. In the south, on the contrary, the day closes abruptly in summer, they have little or no ‘twilight. In the south seas beyond the 50th parallel, the sun will be shining brightly, and, in a very short time, the sailor who happens to be aloft, will be in pitch darkness. The sun seems to drop below the sea. At Auckland, New Zealand, there is little or no twilight. At Nelson, it is light till about 8 o’clock, then in a few minutes it becomes too dark to see anything, and the change comes over in almost no time. Twilight lasts but a short time in so low a latitude as 28 degrees south, according to Captain Basil Hall, so that from 28 degrees south, to beyond 50 degrees south, there is little or no twilight. But, in the corresponding latitudes north, the twilight continues for hours after visible sunset. In the north at midsummer, for many nights in succession, the sky is scarcely darkened.” ~John T. Lawson, Earth Not A Globe But Positively A Plane

“The planets are not solid, opaque masses of matter, as is believed. They are simply immaterial, luminous and transparent discs.” “It is also to be realized that the lens of the telescope creates an appearance of convexity which, standing out in relief, conveys the impression of a spherical mass, but this convexity effect is merely an optical illusion.” ~Gabrielle Henriet, Heaven and Earth.

“If the Earth were a globe, a small model globe would be the very best – because the truest – thing for the navigator to take to sea with him. But such a thing as that is not known: with such a toy as a guide, the mariner would wreck his ship, of a certainty! This is a proof that Earth is not a globe … As the mariners’ compass points north and south at one and the same time, and a meridian is a north and south line, it follows that meridians can be no other than straight lines. But, since all meridians on a globe are semicircles, it is an incontrovertible proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, “100 Proofs the Earth is Not a Globe”

“It must be evident to everyone who understands what a triangle is, that the base of any such figure on a globe would be an arc of a circle, of which the center would be the center of the globe. Thus, instead of a plane triangle, the figure would contain one plane angle and two spherical angles. Hence, if the plane triangle is what we have to deal with, and such is the case, the base of the triangle would be a straight line – the ocean. That all triangulation used at sea is plane, proves that the sea is a plane. The foregoing quotation states that a plane triangle is used for a spherical surface, but „the rules for plane sailing would equally hold good though the surface were a plane.‟ What fine reasoning! It is like saying that the rules for describing a circle are those used for drawing a square, but they would equally hold good though the figure were a square.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny”

“Plane sailing proves that the surface of water is a plane or horizontal surface and in practice it is shown that this plane extends for many thousands of miles. Whether the voyage is outwards or homewards makes no difference; thus showing that a „short voyage‟ to the Cape and back to England can be accomplished by plane sailing. The fact that water is flat like a sheet of paper (when undisturbed by wind and tide) is my „working anchor,‟ and the powerful „ground tackle‟ of all those who reject the delusions of modern theoretical astronomy. Prove water to be convex, and we will at once and forever recant and grant you anything you like to demand.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny”

“The earth has been circumnavigated a great many times. . . . We can (we could ?) journey round the globe, sometimes travelling on land, and sometimes on the sea… This would appear to be a certain proof that the earth’s surface is curved. Nevertheless it has been pointed out that circumnavigation would be possible if the earth had A FLAT SURFACE with the north magnetic pole at its centre. A compass needle then, would always point to the centre of the surface, and so a ship might sail due east and west, as indicated by the compass, and eventually return to the same point by describing a circle.” ~Prof. R. A. Gregory, F.R.A.S., Elementary Physiography (pre-1918)

“The surveyor’s plans in relation to the laying of the first Atlantic Telegraph cable, show that in 1665 miles – from Valentia, Ireland, to St . John’s, Newfoundland – the surface of the Atlantic Ocean is a LEVEL surface – not the astronomers’ “level,” either! The authoritative drawings, published at the time, are a standing evidence of the fact, and form a practical proof that Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs The Earth is not a Globe

“The round earthites have to adopt an imaginary axis for their world to revolve upon, but no solid body could revolve upon an imaginary axis. The fact is, the round, revolving world is just as imaginary as their imaginary axis; imaginary cause, imaginary effect.” ~Ebenezer Breach, THE ARIZONA REPLBLICAN, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 12, 1899

“DIRECTION OF SUNRISE AND SUNSET. We have now to consider the question of the motions of the sun’s light, as distinct from the actual motions of the solar orb. As we have already intimated, there is a difference between the motion of light from a moving luminous body and the rays of light which flow^ outwards from that moving body. It has generally been assumed in astronomical works that the rays of light coming to us from the sun, speaking generally, move in straight lines from that body to us; though they allow for some little refraction when those rays enter the atmosphere. Often we find in their illustrations, that the sun’s rays are drawn from the sun in parallel straight lines right to the earth. Because light over short distances moves in apparently straight lines on the surface of the earth it is assumed that the rays of the sun must move in straight lines down to us from that body, situated as it is above the atmosphere. But we can easily prove that such assumption is fallacious. Place a long rod, or stick, entirely under water, and the stick will appear quite straight. But place the same rod half under water, and half above it and the rod will seem bent or broken a t the point of contact with the water. This shows that when a body passes, or rather when the rays of light from a body, pass through a medium of uniform density, no bending or curvature is visible ; but that when similar rays of light come to us through media of varying densities, or through the same medium with a changing density, the bending or curvature of the rays must take place. Now the upper parts of the atmosphere, as we have already observed, are much less dense than the lower parts, therefore a ray of light coming down to us from above is refracted more or less out of a straight path. And light, like all other subtle forces, always takes the line of least resistance.” ~Lady Blount and Albert Smith, Zetetic Astronomy

“If the Earth were a globe, an observer who should ascend above its surface would have to took downwards at the horizon (if it be possible to conceive of a horizon at all under such circumstances) even as astronomical diagrams indicate that angles – varying from ten to nearly fifty degrees below the “horizontal” line of sight! (It is just as absurd as it would be to be taught that when we look at a man full in the face we are looking down at his feet!) But, as no observer in the clouds, or upon any eminence on the earth, has ever had to do so, it follows that the diagrams spoken of are imaginary and false; that the theory which requires such things to prop it up is equally airy and untrue; and that we have a substantial proof that Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“If the Earth were a globe, rolling and dashing through “space” at the rate of “a hundred miles in five seconds of time,” the waters of seas and oceans could not, by any known law, be kept on its surface – the assertion that they could be retained under these circumstances being an outrage upon human understanding and credulity! But as the Earth – that is, the habitable world of dry land – is found to be “standing out of the wafer and in the water” of the “mighty deep,” whose circumferential boundary is ice, we may throw the statement back into the teeth of those who make it and flaunt before their faces the flag of reason and common sense, inscribed with a proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“we have taken [the Arctic geography] from the Itinerium of Jacobus Cnoyen of the Hague, who makes some citations from the Gesta of Arthur of Britain; however, the greater and most important part he learned from a certain priest at the court of the king of Norway in 1364. He was descended in the fifth generation from those whom Arthur had sent to inhabit these lands, and he related that in the year 1360 a certain Minorite, an Englishman from Oxford, a mathematician, went to those islands; and leaving them, advanced still farther by magic arts and mapped out all and measured them by an astrolabe in practically the subjoined figure, as we have learned from Jacobus. The four canals there pictured he said flow with such current to the inner whirlpool, that if vessels once enter they cannot be driven back by wind.” ~Gerardus Mercator, from Mercator’s 1569 polar map.

Gerardus Mercator, from Mercator’s 1569 polar map.

“We believe, with all due deference to the pendulum, and its proprietor, that it proves nothing but the craftiness of the inventor; and we can only describe the show and showman as deceptions. A thing so childish as this ‘pendulum proof’ that it can only be described as one of the most simple and ridiculous attempts to gull the public that has ever been conceived. It has been said that the pendulum experiment proves the rotation of the earth, but this is quite impossible, for one pendulum turns one way; and sometimes, another pendulum turns in the opposite direction. Now we ask does the earth rotate in opposite directions at different places at one and the same time? We should like to know. Perhaps the experimenters will kindly enlighten us on this point … If the earth had the terrible motions attributed to it, there would be some sensible effects of such motions. But we neither feel the motion, see it, nor hear it. And how people can stand watching the pendulum vibrate, and think that they are seeing a proof of the motions of the earth, almost passes comprehension. They are, however, brought up to believe it, and it is thought to be ‘scientific’ to believe what the astronomers teach.” ~Lady Blount, “The Romance of Science”

“The Suez canal, which joins the Red Sea with the Mediterranean, is about one hundred miles long; it forms a straight and level surface of water from one end to the other; and no allowance for any supposed “curvature” was made in its construction. It is a clear proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~William Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“The Sun and Moon may often be seen high in the heavens at the same time – the Sun rising in the east and the Moon setting in the west – the Sun’s light positively putting the Moon’s light out by sheer contrast! If the Newtonian theory were correct, and the moon had her light from the Sun, she ought to be getting more of it when face to face with that luminary – if it were possible for a sphere to act as a reflector all over its face! But as the Moon’s light pales before the rising Sun, it is a proof that the theory fails; and is gives us a proof that the Earth is not a globe.” ~WM Carpenter, 100 Proofs Earth Not A Globe

“First, when a pendulum, constructed according to the plan of M. Foucault, is allowed to vibrate, its plane of vibration is often variable – not always. The variation when it does occur, is not uniform – is not always the same in the same place; nor always the same either in its rate or velocity, or in its direction. It cannot therefore be taken as evidence; for that which is inconstant cannot be used in favor of or against any given proposition. It therefore is not evidence and proves nothing! Secondly, if the plane of vibration is observed to change, where is the connection between such change and the supposed motion of the Earth? What principle of reasoning guides the experimenter to the conclusion that it is the Earth which moves underneath the pendulum, and not the pendulum which moves over the Earth? What logical right or necessity forces one conclusion in preference to the other? Thirdly, why was not the peculiar arrangement of the point of suspension of the pendulum specially considered, in regard to its possible influence upon the plane of oscillation? Was it not known, or was it overlooked, or was it, in the climax of theoretical revelry, ignored that a ‘ball-and-socket’ joint is one which facilitates circular motion more readily than any other?” ~Dr. Samuel Rowbotham, “Earth Not a Globe, 2nd Edition”

“In the mid 19th century a Frenchman named Léon Foucault became famous for swinging pendulums and claiming their consequent motions were proof of the Earth’s diurnal rotation. Since then “Foucault Pendulums” have regularly been swinging at museums and exposition halls worldwide purporting to provide everlasting perpetual proof of the heliocentric spinning ball-Earth theory. The truth is, however, unbeknownst to most of the duped public, that Foucault’s pendulum is a failed experiment which proves nothing but how easy it is for pseudo-science to deceive the malleable masses.  To begin with, Foucault’s pendulums do not uniformly swing in any one direction. Sometimes they rotate clockwise and sometimes counter-clockwise, sometimes they fail to rotate and sometimes they rotate far too much. Scientists who have repeated variations of the experiment have conceded time and again that “it was difficult to avoid giving the pendulum some slight lateral bias at starting.” The behavior of the pendulum actually depends on 1) the initial force beginning its swing and, 2) the ball-and-socket joint used which most-readily facilitates circular motion over any other. The supposed rotation of the Earth is completely inconsequential and irrelevant to the pendulum’s swing. If the alleged constant rotation of the Earth affected pendulums in any way, then there should be no need to manually start pendulums in motion! If the Earth’s diurnal rotation caused the 360 degree uniform diurnal rotation of pendulums, then there should not exist a stationary pendulum anywhere on Earth!” ~Eric Dubay

“Astronomers have made experiments with pendulums which have been suspended from the interior of high buildings, and have exulted over the idea of being able to prove the rotation of the Earth on its ‘axis,’ by the varying direction taken by the pendulum over a prepared table underneath – asserting that the table moved round under the pendulum, instead of the pendulum shifting and oscillating in different directions over the table! But, since it has been found that, as often as not, the pendulum went round the wrong way for the ‘rotation’ theory, chagrin has taken the place of exultation, and we have a proof of the failure of astronomers in their efforts to substantiate their theory.” ~William Carpenter, “100 Proofs the Earth is Not a Globe” (73)

“The ships set sail from Chatham in the autumn of 1839 and took a year to sail via Madeira, the Cape of Good Hope and Kerguelen Island to Hobart, Tasmania. From Hobart they proceeded to the Auckland Islands, and Campbell Island. On New Year’s Day 1841 they crossed the Antarctic Circle for the first time. Three days later they encountered the pack ice. Ross had heard stories of a “lagoon” of open water beyond the ice in that area. When the ships reached the pack ice with the lagoon in the distance, Ross manoeuvred the ships repeatedly to strike the ice at the same point. This was in itself a remarkable feat of seamanship, given that the ships were powered only by sail. After a week of attempts, the ice broke and they sailed through into the lagoon, where no humans had ever been before. At the far end was the ice barrier itself. Ross estimated it at 180 to 200 feet high and it disappeared over the horizon in both directions. The ships sailed along it for some 300 miles.” ~THE LINNEAN 2010 VOLUME 26(2), “David Lyall (1817–1895): Botanical explorer of Antarctica, New Zealand, the Arctic and North America”

“Now, to prove that the earth really has these motions, a pendulum is suspended at the show; the showman sets motion, and bids the gaping world of thoughtless men and women to ‘behold a proof’ that we are living on a whirling globe which is rushing away through space.” ~Lady Blount, The Romance of Science.

“We say that the position of the sun in the firmament indicates the time of day. The sun completes a circular path in the firmament in 24 hours. rising in the east, then advancing to the noon-day position over the southern horizon at 12 o’clock, setting in the west. Then during our night passing from west along the other side the north centre to the east, where we see him rise in the morning. If the sun was stationary and the earth revolved our day would only be six hours long and our night 18 hours long, and the sun instead of moving in an arc of a circle, or completing a cireular path, it would rise, pass over head and set in the plane of our position. At 12 o’clock the sun would not be over our southern horizon, but would be setting. The fact that the sun is over our southern horizon at 12 o’clock and that it is noon along the whole meridian proves that the earth is a plane and stationary and that it is the sun that moves. To place the matter of the sun’s moving above the earth beyond a doubt, the observations of arctic travellers may be quoted. Captain Parry and several of his officers on ascending high land near the arctic circle repeatedly saw for 24 hours the sun describing an arc of a circle upon the northern horizon. During the summer solstice the sun is above the horizon for 16 hours 26 minutes when he is 1035 miles nearer to us than the equator. When on the equator he is above the horizon for 12 hours. The sun, during the summer solstice, being vertical at the tropic of cancer, 1035 miles north of the equator, is the cause of the day being then 3 hours 26 minutes longer than at the equinox.” ~John T. Lawson, Earth Not A Globe But Positively A Plane

“Other Bible-scientists have proved to be effective debaters. George Bernard Shaw described a public forum in which a flat-earther laid to waste the spherical opposition. Rowbotham was widely known as a tiger on the platform and he was seldom bested. (The good citizens of Leeds, England, once ran him out of town, having been unable to make a more effective reply to his flat-earth arguments.) In Brockport, New York, in March 1887, two scientific gentlemen defended the sphericity of the earth against flat-earther M. C. Flanders on three consecutive nights. When the great debate was over, five townsmen chosen to judge the matter issued a unanimous verdict. Their report, published in the Brockport Democrat stated clearly and emphatically their opinion that the balance of the evidence pointed to a flat-earth. Cash offers are another way Bible-scientists taunt opponents. In the 1920s and 1930s, Wilbur Glenn Voliva of Zion, Illinois, offered $5,000 to anyone who could prove to him that the earth isn’t flat. No one ever collected. At this writing, creationist engineer R. G. Elmendorf has a standing offer of SS,000 to anyone who can prove to him that evolution is possible. Elmendorf is also a geocentrist and offers $1,000 to anyone who can prove that the earth moves. Perhaps someday the scientific creationists will make peace with the flat-earthers. While they disagree on details, they claim to be fighting the same enemy.” ~Robert Schadewald, Scientific Creationism, Geocentricity and the Flat Earth

“Last, but hardly least of the Illinois geodesists, was Wilbur Glenn Voliva, America’s best known flat-earther. Voliva was born in Indiana in 1870 and grew up on a farm. He began preaching at sixteen, was ordained at nineteen, and subsequently continued his studies of theology at four different colleges. He served as pastor of several New Light churches; but, in 1899, he joined the Christian Catholic Apostolic Church of Zion, a faith-healing-and-fundamentalism sect headed by John Alexander Dowie. In 1906, he replaced Dowie as General Overseer of the church, then headquartered in Zion, Illinois. Sometime afterward, Zion schools began teaching that the Earth is flat. Voliva believed that the Earth is shaped like a giant flapjack, a circular disk with the north pole at the center and a 150-foot wall of ice at the rim, the “southern limit.” (Obviously you can sail around this world, and Voliva did.) He thought that the Sun was only 1500 miles up and only 32 miles in diameter. The Moon, about the same size, shines by its own light. Lunar eclipses are caused by an unseen dark body passing in front of the Moon. A special law of perspective allows ships to apparently sail over a nonexistent horizon, and this law combines forces with a special law of refraction to cause the apparent rising and setting of celestial bodies.” ~Robert J. Schadewald, IS THE WORLD IN CURIOUS SHAPE?

“The distance of the stars is an absolutely unknown quantity to the gentlemen of the observatories, as I have shown, so that this flimsy argument amounts to nothing. Besides this, the movement of the earth, if such ever took place, would be easily detected. But that such has never been observed, and that the relative position of the stars has not changed, proves that the earth is a fixture.”

“The perfection of modern instruments is such that A CHANGE OF EVEN ONE SECOND, OK ONE-THREE- THOUSAND- SIX- HUNDREDTH PART OF ONE DEGREE, in the annual parallax, as it is called, of any fixed star, WOULD CERTAINLY BE DETECTED. By the most powerful and finely adjusted of modern instruments no change has ever been observed.” ~”Rectangle”, ZETETIC COSMOGONY: Or Conclusive Evidence THAT THE WORLD IS NOT A ROTATING— REVOLVING— GLOBE, BUT A STATIONARY PLANE CIRCLE.

“It is the Bible that Atheists and Infidels attack— the Old Testament chiefly — for they are logical, and perceive that if the foundation goes, the super-structure cannot stand, no matter how eloquently it can be clothed in Agnostic sermons It will not do to doubt the universality of the Flood, and ask men to accept a Saviour who alludes to it If the story of Eden and the Deluge, of Jericho and Joshua are myths or fables, and not literal facts, then to the still rational mind all that follows them is equally so, and faith, lost in those who foretold his Advent, can never be savingly and logically found again in Christ and his apostles. These words are true, and show that modern astronomy and the Bible are on either side of an impassible gulf.” ~”Rectangle”, Earth Not A Globe Review, The (No. 6, March 1894).

“A good many years ago a Pilot in the Mauritus , reported that he had seen a vessel which turned out to be 200 miles off. This incident caused a good deal of discussion in nautical circles at the time , and strange to say , a seemingly well authenticated case of the same kind occurred afterwards at Aden. A Pilot there announced that he had seen from the heights the Bombay steamer then nearly due. He stated precisely the direction in which he saw her, and added that her head was not then turned towards the port. . , Two days afterwards the missing steamer entered the Port, and it was found on enquiries that at the time mentioned by the Pilot she was exactly in the direction and position indicated by him, but about TWO HUNDRED MILES AWAY,” ~Chambers’ Journal of February, 1895, page 32.

“An Engineer of Thirty Years Standing writes to a magazine in 1874 quoting the following sentences as the result of his experience in the construction of railways, more especially :— I am thoroughly acquainted both with the theory and practice of civil engineering. However bigoted some of our professors may be in the theory of surveying according to the prescribed rules, yet it is well known amongst us that such theoretical measurements are incapable of any practical illustration. All our locomotives are designed to run on what may be regarded as the levels or flats. There are, of course, partial inclines or gradients here and there, but they are always accurately defined, and must be carefully traversed. But anything approaching to ‘ eight inches in the mile, increasing as the square of the distance,’ could not be worked by any engine that was ever yet constructed. Taking one station with another all over England and Scotland, it may be positively stated that all the platforms are on the same relative level. The distance between the eastern and western coasts of England may be set down as three hundred miles. If the prescribed curvature was indeed, as represented, the central stations say at Rugby or Warwick, ought to be close upon three miles higher than a cord drawn from the two extremities. If such was the case, there is not a driver or stoker within the kingdom that would be found to take charge of the train. As long as they know the pretended curve to be mere theory, they do not trouble themselves about what may be stated in the tables of the geographers. But we can only laugh at those of your readers and others who seriously give us credit for such venturesome exploits, as running trains round spherical surfaces. Horizontal curves on levels are dangerous enough; vertical ones would be a thousand times worse, and, with our rolling stock constructed as at present, physically impossible. There are several other reasons why such locomotion on iron rails would be as impracticable as carrying the trains through the air.” ~Surveyor, One Hundred Proofs that the Earth is not a Globe (William Carpenter).

“For short distances light travels in straight lines, but for very long distances of thousands of miles it travels in great curves. When these facts are properly appreciated it will be seen that the eye cannot stretch out further in one direction than another. In fact the eye does not “ stretch out” at all; it is light which comes into the eye. Strictly speaking we never see anything outside the eye, all vision is within the eye or optic nerve ; and we learn from our other senses to associate distance with the various objects we see. But even after much experience these distances are often deceptive. For instance, mountains look much nearer before rain than after it. When we have digested these facts we shall see the absurdity of thinking that the sun and stars are many millions of miles away from the earth. No architect makes a light or a fireplace a million times greater than the house he wants to light up and warm, and the Creator was too good an architect to make such a blunder! The sun and moon and stars were made to light and warm this, the only world; and no other world has ever been discovered by astronomers.” ~Lady Elizabeth Blount (Zeteo), Sight Limitations Equal in Every Direction, Latest Proofs the Earth and Sea is Not a Whirling Globe Series. No, 1.

“What is gravity? We are accustomed to speak of it as the one well-known and established fact of the universe; and yet of ITS REAL ESSENCE AND MODE OF OPERATION WE KNOW ABSOLUTELY NOTHING. Nay, worse! its nature appears to be so inscrutable to us, so far, that our accepted views and theories regarding it are either essentially self-contradictory, or are directly contradictory of the well-known and fundamental principles of physics. And, still worse! the blinding influence of prestige has so far prevented the great army of teachers and students of the subject from perceiving these vital and almost glaringly apparent contradictions.” ~Leo Castle, Earth Not A Globe Review, The (Vol. IV Jan-Mar 1897)

“Well! It is astounding! Newton invents a theory, which admittedly has no known foundation in Nature; a pulling, a pushing power called “gravitation.” Nobody understands its working, no one knows anything about its cause, it has never been seen, tested, or felt.” ~Frederick Henry Cook, The Terrestrial Plane (1908)

“If the sea-earth be a Globe, or the oblate spheroid of scientific belief, the curvature of its surface would be seen from suitable elevations, in long distances, with the naked eye ; and it could not fail to be detected in short distances by the aid of a telescope. If, therefore, the surface of water is experimentally found to be level, and as it would be impossible to have level water on or around a sphere, the whole fabric of the Globular theory must crumble to dust. Water everywhere level destroys all assumptions respecting ROTUNDITY, AXIAL, or ORBITAL motions, and even the assumption of GRAVITATION itself.” ~Karl A. Smith, Is The Earth A Globe Whirling In Space

“Gravity is simply density and buoyancy. People argue that things with different densities fall at the same rate through air. However, that is because both items have reached critical density in relation to its medium: air. If you were to change the medium from air to say, water or liquid mercury, the critical density to achieve the same rate of falling would increase significantly. Critical density is directly proportional to the medium density. Thus the denser the medium… The denser the objects would have to be in order to achieve the same rate of falling. A basketball and a rock might fall at the same speed in air. However… Drop them in a thicker medium like water… And they will not fall at the same rate. That is because critical density has not been achieved by both the rock and the basketball, in water as its medium. In a vacuum… Critical density is zero and is the reason why objects of any density fall at exactly the same rate. Any medium denser than a vacuum has a greater critical density than zero… Thus the reason why objects that haven’t attained critical density fall slower in certain mediums. Critical density variation is ‘gravity’.” ~Darrell Dragoo

“We are asked by the Newtonian to believe that the action of gravitation, which we can easily overcome by the slightest exercise of volition in raising an hand or a foot, is so overwhelmingly violent when we lose our balance and fall a distance of a few feet, that this force, which is imperceptible under usual conditions, may, under extraordinary circumstances, cause the fracture of every limb we possess? Common-sense must reject this interpretation. Gravitation does not furnish a satisfactory explanation of the phenomena here described, whereas the definition of weight already given does, for a body seeking in the readiest manner its level of stability would produce precisely the result experienced. If the influence which kept us securely attached to this earth were identical with that which is powerful enough to disturb a distant planet in its orbit, we should be more immediately conscious of its masterful presence and potency; whereas this influence is so impotent in the very spot where it is supposed to be most dominant that we find an insurmountable difficulty in accepting the idea of its existence.” ~N. Crossland, “New Principia”

“An uncritical observation of the aspect of nature persuades us that the earth is an extended level surface which sustains the dome of the sky, a firmament dividing the waters above from the waters beneath ; that the heavenly bodies — the sun, the moon, the stars — pursue their way, moving from east to west, their insignificant size and motion round the motionless earth proclaiming their inferiority. Of the various organic forms surrounding man none rival him in dignity, and hence he seems justified in concluding that everything has been created for his use — the sun for the purpose of giving him light by day, the
moon and stars by night.” ~John William Draper, History of the Conflict between Religion and Science (1875)

I would believe in a globe if there were real photographs.
I would believe in a globe if someone measured the curve.
I would believe in a globe if someone showed me how water can curve and stick to a ball when it’s not that we observe.
I would believe in a spinning globe if motion was detected and the constellations changed.
I would believe in a globe if the stars didn’t circle above us perfectly.
I would believe in a globe and satellites if it wasn’t 2000 degrees celcius where the ISS and satellites supposedly are.
I would believe in a globe if not for sundials,astrolabes, and gyroscopes.
I would believe in a globe if the coriolos effect actually worked but I’ve seen different results in the same hemi”sphere”
I would believe in a globe if Antarctica could be openly explored without limits.
I would believe in a globe if NASA had actually gone to the moon.
I would believe in a globe if someone could prove how atmosphere just fades until it’s vacuum space without losing any gases.
I would believe in a globe if the sun and the moon weren’t the same size relative to us.
I would believe in a globe if moonlight was not cooler than moon shade.
I would believe in a globe if gravity could explain what density already has.
Earth is flat and motionless!
Created by the loving God The Father.

~Travis Seidenstricker

“Circumnavigation in an easterly and westerly direction does not prove the earth to be globular.”

“The earth has been circumnavigated a great many times, and it is a common occurrence for a ship to leave England, and by steering westward all the voyage to arrive in England again without retracing an inch of her way. Similarly, we can journey round the globe, sometimes travelling on laud, and sometimes on the sea, but eventually return to the starting point without at all turning back on our course. This would appear to be a certain proof that the earth’s surface is curved, nevertheless it has been pointed out that circumnavigation would be possible if the earth had a flat surface, with the north magnetic pole at its centre. A compass needle would THEN always point to the centre of the surface, and so a ship might sail due east and west, as indicated by the compass, and eventually return to the same point by describing a circle.” ~Professor Richard A. Gregory, F.R.A.S., Elementary Physiography, Eighth Ed., (1896)

“Another instrument, quite as familiar as that of the quadrant or sextant, is the sun-dial. It is the very oldest philosophical instrument ever used or invented by man. And for more than 5,000 years it was used in all its simplicity and perfection of principle ; that is, on the motionless disc of a stationary earth, with a revolving sun to mark the shadows in its daily progress, or circular orbit, from its rising to its setting. But, for the last 200 years, a set of crafty, and fraudulent, and infidel professors have dared to assure their dupes that the sextant and the sun-dial could be as easily used on a round and revolving globe, as on a circular and motionless plane! And, in the ignorance and credulity of our childhood, we have been led to accept as genuine truth some of the most degrading and senseless superstitions ever devised by the arch-fiend himself, in order to persuade mankind that they were wiser than God, and had far sounder views of his creation.” ~Chart and Compass (London Zetetic Society)

“It is supposed that an eclipse of the moon is caused by the earth intervening between the sun and moon. The earth is reckoned to travel 1,100 miles per minute ; how long would it be passing the moon, travelling herself at 180 miles per minute ? Not four minutes. Yet the last eclipse of the moon, on February 38th,^ lasted 4½ hours; so it could not be the earth intervening, as both luminaries were above the horizon when the eclipse commenced, and the spots of the moon could be seen distinctly through the shadow; the moon was also seen among the stars. Lieut. Pearce agrees with the writer in the distance of the nearest star at 5,000 miles. How can your hat be trillions of miles away when it is on your head?” ~Ebenezer Breach, The Downfall of Modern Astronomy (1896)

“According to the book of Revelation, the word “world” is used more than 260 times in the Bible, and the word “earth” 850 times. The words “round” or ‘‘globe” or “sphere” are never once applied to it. Not a single expression is used from the beginning of the inspired book to the end, suggestive of the idea that the earth is a planet, or, suggesting that the earth is anything else than a stationary plane.” ~John T. Lawson, Earth Not A Globe But Positively A Plane.

“ We say that we see stars (referring here to the observation of celestial bodies) ; but we do not see the stars in such a way as to distinguish whether they be round or square, smooth-surfaced or irregular. In fact, while we see them, we can know nothing of them visually, excepting that they exist.”—Science Siftings , June 9th 1894.

“The repetition of a blunder is impertinent and ridiculous. To liberate oneself from an error is difficult, sometimes indeed impossible for even the strongest and most gifted minds. But to take up the error of another, and persist in it with stiff-necked obstinacy, is a proof of poor qualities. The obstinacy of a man of originality when he errs may make us angry, but the stupidity of the copyist irritates and renders us miserable. And if, in our strife with (Sir Isaac) Newton, we have sometimes passed the bounds of moderation, the whole blame is to be laid upon the school of which Newton was the head, whose incompetence is proportional to its arrogance, whose laziness is proportional to its self-sufficiency, and whose virulence and love of persecution hold each other in perfect equilibrium.” “ Through the whole of Newton’s experiments (^) there runs a display of pedantic accuracy, but how the matter really stands, with Newton’s gift of observation, and with his experimental aptitudes, every man possessing eyes and senses may make himself aware. I t may be boldly asked, where can the man be found, possessing the extraordinary gifts of Newton, who would suffer himself to be deluded by such a hocus pocus if he had not in the first instance wilfully deceived himself. Only those who know the strength of self-deception, and the extent to which it sometimes trenches on dishonesty, are in a condition to explain the conduct of Newton and of Newton’s school. To support his unnatural theory, Newton heaps fiction upon fiction, seeking to dazzle when he could not convince.”—GOETHE. Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Gt. Britain. Vol. ix., part iii., p. 353.5.

“It is known that there are dark bodies in the heavens, and eclipses may be caused by the periodical motion of one of these. In any case, eclipses are no proof of the earth’s rotundity. It is argued that the shadow cast on the moon is generally circular. A circular shadow is not necessarily cast by a moving globe. It can be demonstrated in a room with one light. Take a ball or orange and place a flat ruler, so that its shadow is cast upon the ball, arid it will be seen that its shadow is curved or circular, it could not be otherwise. Again, where there is a gaslight with an ordinary mantel over the kitchen table and with an ordinary plate or plates underneath, although flat it throws a circular shade on the table-cloth. Just a word as to the shape of the earth which I consider flat but possibly round like an ordinary plate, —as the seven seas run into each other this is surely agreeable to a fixed, flat earth.” ~William Westfield, Does the Earth Rotate? – No!

“The Copernican or Newtonian theory of astronomy is an ‘absurd composition of truth and error;’ and as admitted by its founder, ‘not necessarily true, nor even probable;’ that instead of its being a general conclusion derived from known and admitted facts, it is a heterogeneous compound of assumed premises, isolated truths, and variable appearances in nature. Its advocates are challenged to show a single instance wherein a phenomenon is explained, a calculation made, or a conclusion advanced, without the aid of an avowed or implied assumption ! The very construction of a theory at all, but especially such as the Copernican, is a complete violation of that natural and legitimate mode of investigation to which the term ‘Zetetic’ has been applied. The doctrine of the universality of gravitation is a pure assumption, made only in accordance with that ‘pride and ambition’ which has led philosophers to think it beneath them to offer anything less to the world than a complete and finished system of nature. It was said, in effect, by Newton, and has ever since been insisted upon by his disciples: Allow us, without proof, which is impossible, the existence of two universal forces—centrifugal and centripetal, or attraction and repulsion—and we will construct a theory which shall explain all the leading phenomena and mysteries of nature. An apple falling from a tree, or a stone rolling downwards, and a pail of water tied to a string and set in motion, were assumed to be types of the relations existing among all the bodies in the universe. The moon was assumed to have a tendency to fall towards the earth, and the earth and moon together towards the sun. The same relation was assumed to exist between all the smaller and larger luminaries in the firmament; and it soon became necessary to extend these assumptions to affinity. The universe was parcelled out into systems—co-existent and illimitable. Suns, planets, satellites, and comets were assumed to exist infinite in number and boundless in extent; and to enable the theorists to explain alternating and constantly recurring phenomena, which were everywhere observable, these numberless and forever extending objects were assumed to be spheres.” ~Vox, Astronomy and the Bible Reconciled.

Anyone but moderately acquainted with Theoretical Science knows that much which passes current in these days as “Science” is opposed to the plain teachings of the Bible. But this fact gives neither the “Scientist nor his disciple, any concern whatever; because, while he has been taught to doubt, or to discredit the teachings of the Bible, he has never been sufficiently sceptical, or perhaps sufficiently instructed, to doubt the teachings of what is presumptively called “Science.” And in fact the ordinary mortal who dares to question anything advanced in the name of “Science” is considered to be either an ignoramus, or what is called a “crank” and especially so if he dare to stand forth in defence of the Holy Scriptures against so called scientific teaching. But why should “Science” be exempt from criticism and enquiry any more than the Bible? The way some professed Christians treat the Scriptures, where they are opposed to the theories of Science, is discreditable in the extreme; not only to the authority and inspiration of the Scriptures, but discreditable to their own profession and understanding-. They profess to believe that the Bible is inspired of God, yet they apologize for its language, as though the writers were uninspired and ignorant of the fundamental facts of Creation. But may not this ignorance possibly be ours, not theirs? Such conduct is highly reprehensible on the part of those who are in positions where they are paid to defend and to advance Bible teachings and doctrines; and especially where they have never paused to inquire whether the discrepancy found between “Science” and the Bible is due to the ignorance of Bible writers or to the fallacies and unfounded theories of a “Science” which, as Paul says, is ‘falsely so called.” ~Albert Smith, The Sun Standing Still.

“Further, if flying had been invented at the time of Copernicus, there is no doubt that he would have soon realized that his contention regarding the rotation of the earth was wrong, on account of the relation existing between the speed of an aircraft and that of the earth’s rotation. The distance covered by an aircraft would be reduced or increased by the speed of the rotation according to whether such aircraft travelled in the same direction, or against it. Thus, if the earth rotates, as it is said, at 1,000 kilometers an hour, and a plane flies in the same direction at only 500 kilometers, it is obvious that its place of destination will be farther removed every minute. On the other hand, if flying took place in the direction opposite to that of the rotation, a distance of 1,500 kilometers would be covered in one hour, instead of 500, since the speed of the rotation is to be added to that of the plane. It could also be pointed out that such a flying speed of 1,000 kilometers an hour, which is supposed to be that of the earth’s rotation, has recently been achieved, so that an aircraft flying at this rate in the same direction as that of the rotation could not cover any ground at all. It would remain suspended in mid-air over the spot from which it took off, since both speeds are equal. There would, in addition, be no need to fly from one place to another situated on the same latitude. The aircraft could just rise and wait for the desired country to arrive in the ordinary course of the rotation, and then land; although it is difficult to see how any plane can manage to touch ground at all on an airfield which is slipping away at the rate of 1,000 kilometers an hour.” ~Gabrielle Henriet, Heaven and Earth

“The marine horizon, from whatever position it is viewed, always appears to be, and is, in fact, a perfectly level line, and since this appearance is the same in all parts of the world, its surface must be level; and therefore the Earth is a Plane.

This may be proved to be the case, by erecting at a suitable elevation on the sea shore, a duly- levelled board, or a string—at right angles to a plumb-line—tightly stretched between two vertical poles. On looking towards the sea, the horizontal line for a distance of 20 miles may be easily observed, and throughout its entire length it wall be found to coincide with the straight-edge, or string: but if the earth were a globe, the horizontal line would form an area of twenty miles in length, curvating both, ways from the centre, at the rate of eight inches, multiplied by the square of the distance. Hence the horizontal line at either end of the distance ought to be depressed some 66 feet below the horizon in the centre. But as no such appearance is ever presented, it necessarily follows that the earth cannot be a globe, or other than a plane. In our next we propose to examine the objections urged against the above argument.” ~B. CHAS. BEOUGH, The Zetetic, No. 1, July 1872.

“If the Earth did move at a tremendous speed, how could we keep a grip on it with our feet? We could walk only very, very slowly; and should find it slipping rapidly under our footsteps. Then, which way is it turning? If we walked in the direction of its tremendous speed, it would push us on terribly rapidly. But if we tried to walk against its revolving-? Either way we should be terribly giddy, and our digestive processes impossible.” ~Margaret Missen, The Sun Goes Round The Earth.

“One hundred and eighteen miles of LEVEL railway, and yet the surface on which it is projected a globe? Impossible. It cannot be. Early in 1898 I met Mr. Hughes, chief officer of the steamer ‘City of Lincoln.’ This gentleman told me he had projected thousands of miles of level railway in South America, and never heard of any allowance for curvature being made. On one occasion he surveyed over one thousand miles of railway which was a perfect straight line all the way. It is well known that in the Argentine Republic and other parts of South America, there are railways thousands of miles long without curve or gradient. In projecting railways, the world is acknowledged to be a plane, and if it were a globe the rules of projection have yet to be discovered. Level railways prove a level world, to the utter confusion of the globular school of impractical men with high salaries and little brains.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny”

“As an engineer of many years standing, I saw that this absurd allowance is only permitted in school books. No engineer would dream of allowing anything of the kind. I have projected many miles of railways and many more of canals and the allowance has not even been thought of, much less allowed for. This allowance for curvature means this – that it is 8” for the first mile of a canal, and increasing at the ratio by the square of the distance in miles; thus a small navigable canal for boats, say 30 miles long, will have, by the above rule an allowance for curvature of 600 feet. Think of that and then please credit engineers as not being quite such fools. Nothing of the sort is allowed. We no more think of allowing 600 feet for a line of 30 miles of railway or canal, than of wasting our time trying to square the circle” ~W. Winckler, Earth Review October 1893

“How is it that a law of gravitation can pull up a toy balloon and cannot put up a brick?  I throw up this book.  Why doesn’t it go on up?  That book went up as far as the force behind it forced it and it fell because it was heavier than the air and that is the only reason.  I cut the string of a toy balloon.  It rises, gets to a certain height and then it begins to settle.  I take this brick and a feather.  I blow the feather.  Yonder it goes.  Finally, it begins to settle and comes down.  This brick goes up as far as the force forces it and then it comes down because it is heavier than the air.  That is all.” ~Wilbur Voliva

“If we now consider the fact that when we travel by land or sea, and from any part of the known world, in a direction towards the North polar star, we shall arrive at one and the same point, we are forced to the conclusion that what has hitherto been called the North Polar region, is really the center of the Earth. That from this northern center the land diverges and stretches out, of necessity, towards a circumference, which must now be called the Southern region: which is a vast circle, and not a pole or center … In this and other ways all the great navigators have been frustrated in their efforts, and have been more or less confounded in their attempts to sail round the Earth upon or beyond the Antarctic circle. But if the southern region is a pole or center, like the north, there would be little difficulty in circumnavigating it, for the distance round would be comparatively small. When it is seen that the Earth is not a sphere, but a plane, having only one center, the north; and that the south is the vast icy boundary of the world, the difficulties experienced by circumnavigators can be easily understood.” ~Dr. Samuel Rowbotham, “Earth Not a Globe, 2nd Edition”

“The ice-barrier, so frequently referred to in accounts of the Antarctic regions, is the fore-front of the enormous glacier-covering, or ice-cap, which, accumulating in vast, undulating fields from the heavy snowfall, and ultimately attaining hundreds, if not thousands, of feet in thickness, creeps from the continent of Antarctica into the polar sea. The ice-barrier, yet a part of the parent ice-cap, presents itself to the navigator who has boldness enough to approach its fearful front, as a solid, perpendicular wall of marble-like ice, ranging from one thousand to two thousand feet in thickness, of which from one hundred to two hundred feet rises above, and from eight hundred to eighteen hundred feet sinks below, the level of the sea.” ~Greely, General A. W. “Antarctica, or the Hypothetical Southern Continent.” Cosmopolitan 17 (1894)

“That the sun’s path is an exact circle for only about four periods in a year, and then of only a few hours – at the equinoxes and solstices – completely disproves the ‘might have been’ of circular gravitation, and by consequence, of all gravitation … If the sun were of sufficient power to retain the earth in its orbit when nearest the sun, when the earth arrived at that part of its elliptical path farthest from the sun, the attractive force (unless very greatly increased) would be utterly incapable of preventing the earth rushing away into space ‘in a right line forever,’ as astronomers say.  On the other hand, it is equally clear that if the sun’s attraction were just sufficient to keep the earth in its proper path when farthest from the sun, and thus to prevent it rushing off into space; the same power of attraction when the earth was nearest the sun would be so much greater, that (unless the attraction were very greatly diminished) nothing would prevent the earth rushing towards and being absorbed by the sun, there being no counterbalancing focus to prevent such a catastrophe!  As astronomy makes no reference to the increase and diminution of the attractive force of the sun, called gravitation, for the above necessary purposes, we are again forced to the conclusion that the great ‘discovery’ of which astronomers are so proud is absolutely non-existent.”  ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny”

“Gravitation is the term now used to ‘explain’ what common-sense people look upon as inexplicable.  Globularists say that all orbs in space are globes gravitating towards each other in proportion to their magnitude and power of attraction – there being a ‘centripetal’ force (tending towards the center) and a ‘centrifugal’ force (tending from the center); but how inert matter can set up any automatic force, and cause one body to gravitate towards another body, has never yet been made palpable to the senses.  It belongs to the regions of Metaphysics (‘existing only in thought’).”  ~Lady Blunt, “Clarion’s Science Versus God’s Truth”

“ON the fourth day God made the luminaries–sun, moon, and stars–of three substances, air, light, and fire. He took aerial material and prepared vessels like lamps, and mixed fire with light, and filled them. And because in the nature of fire there was no light, nor heat in that of light, the fire imparted heat to the light, and the light gave luminosity to the fire; and from these two were the luminaries–sun, moon, and stars–fabricated. Some say that the luminaries were made in the morning, that the sun was placed in theeast, and the moon in the west; while others say that they were made in the evening,and that the sun was placed in the west, and the moon in the east; and therefore the Jews celebrate the fourteenth in the evening. Others say that all the luminaries when they were created were placed in the east; the sun completed his course by day, while the moon waited until eventide, and then began her course. The path of the luminaries is beneath the firmament, and they are not fixed as men have foolishly stated, but the angels guide them. Mâr Isaac says, ‘The sun performs his course from the east to the west, and goes behind the lofty northern mountains the whole night until he rises in the east.’ And the philosophers say that during the night the luminaries perform their course under the earth.” ~The Book of the Bee (The Syriac Text), Chapter X, Of the Making of the Luminaries.

“In leveling, I work from Ordinance marks, or canal levels, to get the height above sea level. The puzzle to me used to be, that over several miles each level was and is treated throughout its whole length as the same level from end to end; not the least allowance being made for curvature. One of the civil engineers in this district, after some amount of argument on each side as to the reason why no allowance for curvature was made, said he did not believe anybody would know the shape of the earth in this life.” ~T. Westwood, “Earth Review magazine” January, 1896.

“Regiments of figures are paraded with all the learned jargon for which science is famous, but one might as well look at the changing clouds in the sky and seek for certainty there, as to expect to get it from the propounders of modern astronomy. But is there no means of testing these ever-changing never-stable speculations and bringing them to the scrutiny of the hard logic of fact? Indeed there is. The distance of the sun can be measured with much precision, the same way as a tree or a house, or church steeple is measured, by plane triangulation. It is the principle on which a house is built, a table made or a man-of-war constructed … The sun is always somewhere between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, a distance admitted to be less than 3,000 miles; how then can the sun if it be so many thousand miles in diameter, squeeze itself into a space of about 3,000 miles only? But look at the distance, say the professors! We have already done that and not one of the wise men we have so often challenged, has ever attempted to refute the principle on which we measure the sun’s distance … If the navigator neglects to apply the sun’s semi-diameter to his observation at sea, he is 16 nautical miles out in calculating the position his ship is in. A minute of arc on the sextant represents a nautical mile, and if the semi-diameter be 16 miles, the diameter is of course 32 miles. And as measured by the sextant, the sun’s diameter is 32 minutes of arc, that is 32 nautical miles in diameter. Let him disprove this who can. If ever disproof is attempted, it will be a literary curiosity, well worth framing.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny”

“That would be amusing if we read it in a comic paper, but when Professor Einstein says it in a lecture at the Princeton University, we are expected not to laugh; that is the only difference. It is silly, but I may not dismiss the matter with that remark, and so I will answer quite seriously that it is only possible for me to speak of the street moving while the wagon remains still – and to believe it – when I cast away all the experience of a lifetime and am no longer able to understand the evidence of my senses; which is insanity … Such self-deception as this is not reasoning; it is the negation of reason; which is the faculty of forming correct conclusions from things observed, judged by the light of experience. It is unworthy of our intelligence and a waste of our greatest gift; but that introduction serves very well to illustrate the kind of illusion that lies at the root of Relativity. When he suggested that the street might be moving while the wagon with its wheels revolving was standing still, he was asking us to imagine that in a similar manner the earth we stand upon might be moving while the stars that pass in the night stand still. It is a Case of Appeal, where Einstein appeals in the name of a convicted Copernican Astronomy against the judgment of Michelson – Morley, Nordmeyer, physics, fact, experience, observation and reason.” ~Gerrard Hickson, “Kings Dethroned”

“The theory of the three [now four] motions of the Earth and subsequent ‘relativity,’ is the result of trying to cover up one lie by another. They say that as we whirl in London at the rate of nearly eleven miles a minute, we are shooting into space around the Sun at nearly twenty miles a second, and the Sun itself moves around a point in space, at the immense speed of 150,000,000 miles in a year, pulling our poor Earth with him at the added speed – the distance that separates us from the Sun – and in this maddening whirlwind of motions they try to apply Euclid’s spherical trigonometry to locate distances – which data was intended by Euclid to determine fixed points only – with the result that they have brought out wild calculations which have been fostered dogmatically on a gullible World, but are about as infallible as the utterances of Borgia.” ~E. Eschini, “Foundations of Many Generations”

“Vast areas exhibit a perfectly dead level, scarcely a rise existing through 1,500 miles from the Carpathians to the Urals. South of the Baltic the country is so flat that a prevailing north wind will drive the waters of the Stattiner Haf into the mouth of the Oder, and give the river a backward flow 30 or 40 miles. The plains of Venezuela and New Granada, in South America chiefly on the left of the Orinoco, are termed Ilanos, or level fields. Often in the space of 270 square miles the surface does not vary a single foot. The Amazon only falls 12 feet in the last 700 miles of its course; the La Plata has only a descent of one thirty-third of an inch a mile.” ~Rev. T. Milner, “Atlas of Physical Geography”

“These extracts clearly prove that the surface of the earth is level, and that therefore the world is not a globe. And when we come to consider the surface of the world under the sea, we shall find the same uniformity of evidence against the popular view. In ‘Nature and Man,’ by Professor W.B. Carpenter, article ‘The Deep Sea and its Contents,’ the writer says: ‘If the bottom of the mid-ocean were laid dry, an observer standing on any spot of it would find himself surrounded BY A PLAIN, only comparable to that of the North American prairies or the South American pampas … The form of the depressed area which lodges the water of the deep ocean is rather, indeed, to be likened to that of a FLAT WAITER or TEA TRAY, surrounded by an elevated and deeply sloping rim, than to that of the basin with which it is commonly compared.’ This remarkable writer tells of thousands of miles, in the Atlantic, the Pacific, and the great Southern Ocean beds being a plane surface, and from his remarks it is clear that A FLAT SURFACE IS THE GENERAL CONTOUR OF THE BED OF THE GREAT OCEANS FOR TENS OF THOUSANDS OF SQUARE MILES.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny”

“Astronomers are in the habit of considering two points on the Earth’s surface, without, it seems, any limit as to the distance that lies between them, as being on a level, and the intervening section, even though it be an ocean, as a vast ‘hill’ – of water! The Atlantic ocean, in taking this view of the matter, would form a ‘hill of water’ more than a hundred miles high! The idea is simply monstrous, and could only be entertained by scientists whose whole business is made up of materials of the same description: and it certainly requires no argument to deduce, from such ‘science’ as this, a satisfactory proof that the Earth is not a globe. Every man in full command of his senses knows that a level surface is a flat or horizontal one; but astronomers tell us that the true level is the curved surface of a globe! They know that man requires a level surface on which to live, so they give him one in name which is not one in fact! This is the best that astronomers, with their theoretical science, can do for their fellow creatures – deceive them.” ~William Carpenter, “100 Proofs the Earth is Not a Globe”

“In September, 1898, I received a letter from Australia in which the writer says: ‘In the year 1872 I was on board the ship ‘Thomas Wood,’ Capt. Gibson from China to London. Owing to making a long passage, we ran short of provisions, and so short after rounding the Cape that the Captain spoke of putting into St. Helena for a supply. It was then my hobby to get the first glimpse of land, make a survey, just as the sun would be rising. The island was clearly in view, well on the starboard bow. I reported this to Capt. Gibson. He disbelieved me, saying it was impossible as we were 75 miles distant. He, however, offered me paper and pencil to sketch the land I saw. This I did. He then said, ‘you are right,’ and shaped his course accordingly. I had never seen the Island before and could not have described the shape of it had I not seen it. St. Helena is a high volcanic island, and if my informant had seen the top only, there would have to be an allowance made for the height of the land, but as he sketched the island he must have seen the whole of it, which should have been 3,650 feet below the line of sight, if the world be a globe.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny”

“In the Times newspaper of Monday, Oct. 16, 1854, in an account of her Majesty’s visit to Great Grimsby from Hull, the following paragraph occurs: ‘Their attention was first naturally directed to a gigantic tower which rises from the center pier to the height of 300 feet, and can be seen 60 miles out at sea.’ The 60 miles if nautical, and this is always understood when referring to distances at sea, would make 70 statute miles, to which the fall of 8 inches belongs, and as all observations at sea are considered to be made at an elevation of 10 feet above the water, for which four miles must be deducted from the whole distance, 66 statute miles will remain, the square of which multiplied by 8 inches, gives a declination towards the tower of 2,904 feet; deducting from this the altitude of the tower, 300 feet, we obtain the startling conclusion that the tower should be at the distance at which it is visible, more than 2,600 feet below the horizon!” ~Dr. Samuel Rowbotham, “Earth Not a Globe, 2nd Edition”

“The distance between the Red Sea at Suez and the Mediterranean Sea is 100 statute miles, the datum line of the Canal being 26 feet below the level of the Mediterranean, and is continued horizontally the whole way from sea to sea, there not being a single lock on the Canal, the surface of the water being parallel with the datum line. It is thus clear that there is no curvature or globularity for the whole hundred miles between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea; had there been, according to the Astronomic theory, the middle of the Canal would have been 1,666 feet higher than at either end, whereas the Canal is perfectly horizontal for the whole distance. The Great Canal of China, said to be 700 miles in length, was made without regard to any allowance for supposed curvature, as the Chinese believe the Earth to be a Stationary Plane. I may also add that no allowance was made for it in the North Sea Canal, or in the Manchester Ship Canal, both recently constructed, thus clearly proving that there is no globularity in Earth or Sea, so that the world cannot possibly be a Planet.” ~David Wardlaw Scott, “Terra Firma”

“If the earth be the globe of popular belief, it is very evident that in cutting a canal, an allowance must be made for the curvature of the globe, which allowance would correspond to the square of the distance multiplied by eight inches. From The Age, of 5th August 1892, I extract the following: ‘The German Emperor performed the ceremony of opening the Gates of the Baltic and North Sea Canal, in the spring of 1891. The canal starts at Holtenau, on the south side of Kiel Bay, and joins the Elbe 15 miles above its mouth. It is 61 miles long, 200 feet wide at the surface and 85 feet at the bottom, the depth being 28 feet. No locks are required, as the surface of the two seas is level.’ Let those who believe it is the practice for surveyors to make allowance for ‘curvature’ ponder over the following from the Manchester Ship Canal Company (Earth Review, October, 1893) ‘It is customary in Railway and Canal constructions for all levels to be referred to a datum which is nominally horizontal and is so shown on all sections. It is not the practice in laying out Public Works to make allowances for the curvature of the earth.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny”

“In a long line, like that of the Great Pacific Railway, extending across North America, the supposed curvature would, of course, be proportionately great, extending to many miles in height, but not one inch was allowed by the engineers for curvature during the whole course of the construction of that vast line of Railway. And, if we think of it, how could it be otherwise? All Railway metals must, of necessity, be straight, for how could any engine or carriage run with safety on a convex surface?” ~David Wardlaw Scott, “Terra Firma”

“That in all surveys no allowance is made for curvature, which would be a necessity on a globe; that a horizontal line is in every case the datum line, the same line being continuous throughout the whole length of the work; and that the theodolite cuts a line at equal altitudes on either side of it, which altitude is the same as that of the instrument, clearly proves, to those who will accept proof when it is furnished, that the world is a plane and not a globe.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny”

“In projecting railways on a globe, the datum line would be the arc of a circle corresponding to the latitude of the place.  That the datum line for the railway projections is always a horizontal line, proves that the general configuration of the world is horizontal.  To support the globe theory, the gentlemen of the observatories should call upon the surveyor to prove that he allows the necessary amount for ‘curvature.’  But this is what the learned men dare not do, as it is well-known that the allowance for the supposed curvature is never made.”  ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny”

“Instead of making the Bible agree with science, science must agree with the Bible. If it does not, it is only because it is ‘science falsely so-called,’ and not real science. Scientia is the Latin word for knowledge. Whereas very much of what goes by the name of ‘science’ to-day is not science at all. It is only hypothesis! Read man’s books on this so-called science, and you will get tired of the never-ending repetition of such words as ‘hypothesis,’ ‘conjecture,’ ‘supposition,’ etc., etc. This is the reason that such theories, which are falsely dignified by the name of science, are constantly changing. We talk of the ‘Science of Geology,’ or of ‘Medical Science’; but read books on geology or medicine, for example, written fifty years ago, and you will find that they are now quite ‘out of date.’ But truth cannot change. Truth will never be ‘out of date.’ What we know can never alter! This of itself proves that the word science is wrongly used when it is applied only to hypotheses, which are merely invented to explain certain phenomena. It is not for such theories that we are going to give up facts. It is not for conjectures that we are going to abandon truth.” ~ E. W. Bullinger (Number in Scripture, p. 103)

“That the sun moves daily round us anyone can see from his own observation ; and though many tests have been applied by Zetetics, the earth has never been found to have any motion, that is, such as astronomers call its “ diurnal motion.” To discern that the sun’s motion is spiral closer observation is required, with daily comparisons of its position when rising, culminating, and setting. But even impartial globularists have confessed to this spiral-like movement of the sun, when, forgetting their globular theories, they honestly describe Nature as they really see her.” ~ZETETIC ASTRONOMY: OR THE SUN’S MOTIONS NORTH AND SOUTH; WITH THE MOON’S MOTIONS; FANCIED AND REAL, by Lady Blount and Albert Smith (page 6).

“What course of argument, therefore, led them to the idea of the antipodes? They saw the courses of the stars traveling towards the west; they saw that the sun and the moon always set towards the same quarter, and rise from the same. But since they did not perceive what contrivance regulated their courses, nor how they returned from the west to the east, but supposed that the heaven itself sloped downwards in every direction, which appearance it must present on account of its immense breadth, they thought that the world is round like a ball, and they fancied that the heaven revolves in accordance with the motion of the heavenly bodies; and thus that the stars and sun, when they have set, by the very rapidity of the motion of the world are born back to the east. Therefore they both constructed brazen orbs, as though after the figure of the world, and engraved upon them certain monstrous images, which they said were constellations. It followed, therefore, from this rotundity of the heaven, that the earth was enclosed in the midst of its curved surface. But if this were so, the earth also itself must be like a globe; for that could not possibly be anything but round, which was held enclosed by that which was round. But if the earth also were round, it must necessarily happen that it should present the same appearance to all parts of the heaven; that is, that it should raise aloft mountains, extend plains, and have level seas. And if this were so, that last consequence also followed, that there would be no part of the earth uninhabited by men and the other animals. Thus the rotundity of the earth leads, in addition, to the invention of those suspended antipodes. But if you inquire from those who defend these marvelous fictions, why all things do not fall into that lower part of the heaven, they reply that such is the nature of things, that heavy bodies are born to the middle, and that they are all joined together towards the middle, as we see spokes in a wheel; but that the bodies which are light, as mist, smoke, and fire, are born away from the middle, so as to seek the heaven. I am at a loss what to say respecting those who, when they have once erred, consistently persevere in their folly, and defend one vain thing by another; but that I sometimes imagine that they either discuss philosophy for the sake of a jest, or purposely and knowingly undertake to defend falsehoods, as if to exercise or display their talents on false subjects. But I should be able to prove by many arguments that it is impossible for the heaven to be lower than the earth, were is not that this book must now be concluded, and that some things still remain, which are more necessary for the present work. And since it is not the work of a single book to run over the errors of each individually, let it be sufficient to have enumerated a few, from which the nature of the others may be understood.” ~ Lactantius, The Divine Institutes, Book III, Chapter XXXIII – XXXIV.

“That the sun moves daily round us anyone can see from his own observation ; and though many tests have been applied by Zetetics, the earth has never been found to have any motion, that is, such as astronomers call its “ diurnal motion.” To discern that the sun’s motion is spiral closer observation is required, with daily comparisons of its position when rising, culminating, and setting. But even impartial globularists have confessed to this spiral-like movement of the sun, when, forgetting their globular theories, they honestly describe Nature as they really see her.” ~ZETETIC ASTRONOMY: OR THE SUN’S MOTIONS NORTH AND SOUTH; WITH THE MOON’S MOTIONS; FANCIED AND REAL, by Lady Blount and Albert Smith (page 6).

“The same fact of the difference in the two lights, and their independence of each other is maintained in the scriptures to the last. · “The Sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the Moon became as blood.” If the Moon is only a reflector, the moment the Sun becomes black her surface will be blackened also, and not remain as blood, while the Sun is dark and black as sackcloth of hair !” ~Samuel Rowbotham “Parallax”,Zetetic Astronomy Earth Not A Globe, 1865

If then we adopt the zetetic process to ascertain the true figure and condition of the Earth, we shall find that instead of its being a globe, and moving in space, it is the directly contrary -A PLANE; without motion, and unaccompanied by anything in the Firmament analogous to itself. ~Samuel Rowbotham “Parallax”,Zetetic Astronomy Earth Not A Globe, 1865

“Newton was an ignoramus, the solar system a romance, and gravitation a delusion, these ideas are based on the supposition of men, fallible men, mortal men. They are nebular hypotheses. Ships have sailed around the world, but only in an easterly and westerly direction. No ship has ever parsed the doors and bars of ice at the so-called poles which God has placed to stop the sea from running out. The supporters of the whirling globe theory say that the shadow; of the earth on the moon causes an eclipse. I say that the eclipse is brought about by ‘a periodic innate condition within the moon. We are told that at the so-called Antipodes, people hang with their heads downwards. If the people of the Antipodes do hang head downward, then why don’t they do it when they come to London ?” ~Lady Blount (1906)

“500 years ago everybody knew the earth was the center of the universe. 500 years ago, everybody knew the earth was flat. And 15 minutes ago you knew that people were alone on this planet. Imagine what you’ll know tomorrow.” ~ Tommy Lee Jones, “Men In Black”

“It may be boldly asked where can the man be found, possessing the extraordinary gifts of Newton, who could suffer himself to be deluded by such a hocus-pocus, if he had not in the first instance willfully deceived himself? Only those who know the strength of self-deception, and the extent to which it sometimes trenches on dishonesty, are in a condition to explain the conduct of Newton and of Newton’s school. To support his unnatural theory Newton heaps fiction upon fiction, seeking to dazzle where he cannot convince. In whatever way or manner may have occurred this business, I must still say that I curse this modern theory of Cosmogony, and hope that perchance there may appear, in due time, some young scientist of genius, who will pick up courage enough to upset this universally disseminated delirium of lunatics.” ~Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe, German Poet and Philosopher (1749-1832)

“As for your assumption that water spins different ways in toilets in different hemispheres, I’m afraid you’ve been duped by another ball-Earth myth. The “Coriolis Effect” is often said to cause sinks and toilet bowls in the Northern Hemisphere to drain spinning in one direction while in the Southern Hemisphere causing them to spin the opposite way, thus providing proof of the spinning ball-Earth. Once again, however, just like Foucault’s Pendulums spinning either which way, sinks and toilets in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres do not consistently spin in any one direction! Sinks and toilets in the very same household are often found to spin opposite directions, depending entirely upon the shape of the basin and the angle of the water’s entry, not the supposed rotation of the Earth.” ~Eric Dubay, The Flat Earth Conspiracy.

“This uniformity of temperature partly accounts for the great accumulation of ice which is formed not on account of the great severity of the winter, but because there is practically no summer to melt it. In the Antarctic there is eternal winter and snow never melts. As far north as a man has travelled he has found reindeer and hare basking in the sun, and country brilliant with rich flora; within the Antarctic circle no plant is to be found.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny”

“We are more gullible and superstitious today than we were in the Middle Ages, and an example of modern credulity is the widespread belief that the Earth is round. The average man can advance not a single reason for thinking that the Earth is round. He merely swallows this theory because there is something about it that appeals to the twentieth century mentality.” ~George Bernard Shaw

“If the earth be the globe of popular belief, the same amount of heat and cold, summer and winter, should be experienced at the same latitudes North and South of the Equator. The same number of plants and animals would be found, and the same general conditions exist. That the very OPPOSITE is the case, disproves the globular assumption. The great contrasts between places at the same latitudes North and South of the Equator, is a strong argument against the received doctrine of the rotundity of the earth.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny”

“The eyes are witnesses that the heavens revolve in the space of twenty-four hours. But certain men, either from the love of novelty, or to make a display of ingenuity, have concluded the earth moves; and they maintain that neither the eighth sphere nor the sun revolves. Now, it is a want of honesty and decency to assert such notions publicly, and the example is pernicious. It is the part of a good mind to accept the truth as revealed by God, and to acquiesce in it.” ~Melanchthon (From his Latin Treatise on the “Elements of Physical Science”)

“No one ever yet felt or saw the earth careering through space at the terrific rates it is credited with, but everyone who is not blind can see the sun move. But the matter can be tested. It may be known for certain whether the sun moves or not. Take a school globe and place a stile on the semicircle that holds it in position. Cause the globe to rotate against a lamp on a table, and you will find that the shadow left on the globe is always parallel to the equator, at whatever angle you may incline the globe. Further, let the stile be of sufficient length to allow the shadow to fall on to a flat surface, moving the globe towards the lamp, and the shadow will be a straight line. If, therefore, the shadow left on the earth by the sun be a straight line, then undoubtedly the sun is stationary. Drive a stake into the ground in such a position as to expose it to the sun for the greater part of a day – the whole day if possible. Mark the end of the shadow every quarter of an hour, and you will find that the marks form part of an elongated curve, clearly proving that the sun moves over a stationary earth.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny” (113)

“Circular sailing no more proves the world to be a globe than an equilateral triangle. The sailing round the world would, of course, take very much longer, but, in principle, it is exactly the same as that of the yachtsman circumnavigating the Isle of Wight. Let me give a simple illustration. A boy wants to sail his iron toy boat by a magnet, so he gets a basin, in the middle of which he places a soap-dish, or anything else which he may think suitable to represent the Earth, and then fills the basin with water to display the sea. He puts in his boat and draws it by the magnet round his little world. But the boat never passes over the rim to sail under the basin, as if that were globular, instead of being simply circular. So is it in this world of ours; from the extreme South we can sail from East to West or from West to East around it, but we cannot sail from North to South or from South to North, for we cannot break through intervening lands, nor pass the impenetrable ramparts of ice and rocks which enclose the great Southern Circumference.” ~David Wardlaw Scott, “Terra Firma” (68)

“On a globe of 25,000 statute miles equatorial circumference one has to be 24 feet above sea level to get a horizon of six miles, the ‘curvature’ being 8 inches to the mile and varying inversely with the square of the distance. We are thus taught to believe that what appears at all times of the day to be half a circle, or about 180 degrees, is in reality only a few miles, as the earth rotates against the sun and thus deceives us. But the phenomenon of a lunar eclipse requires, according to astronomical doctrine, that the earth shall be exactly midway between sun and moon, to shut off the light of the sun and thus to darken the moon. Those two ‘bodies’ being then according to the astronomer, opposite each other and the earth between, must each be 90 degrees, or a quarter of a circle distant from an observer on the earth’s surface – that is, half a circle from one to the other. So that what astronomy, on the one hand, teaches is only a few miles distant, the horizon, is thus seen to be, according to its own showing, half a circle for the sun is at one side of one quadrant, and the moon at the other side of another. If, therefore, the observer be on the equator when the phenomenon occurs, he can see, according to astronomical measurement, over 6,000 miles on either side of him, east and west. If in north or south latitude, he would see correspondingly less, but thousands of miles in every case. But, on the other hand, according to the popular theory, he would have to be hoisted 4,000 miles away in space for such a thing to be possible. The fact of lunar eclipses having been observed when sun and moon were both above the horizon at the time of the eclipse, and thus that the observer pierced, with the unaided eye, a distance of thousands of miles on either side of him – about half a circle – proves that the earth does not rotate, and that it is not the globe of popular belief.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny” (68)

“A very good illustration of the circumnavigation of a plane will be seen by taking a round table, and fixing a pin in the center to represent the magnetic pole. To this central pin attach a string drawn out to any distance towards the edge of the table. This string may represent the meridian of Greenwich, extending due north and south. If now a pencil or other object is placed across, or at right angles to the string, at any distance between the centre and the circumference of the table, it will represent a vessel standing due east and west. Now move the pencil and the string together in either direction, and it will be seen that by keeping the vessel (or pencil), square to the string it must of necessity describe a circle round the magnetic centre and return to the starting point in the opposite direction to that in which it first sailed.” ~Dr. Samuel Rowbotham, “Zetetic Astronomy, Earth Not a Globe!” (226)

“The facts and experiments already advanced render it undeniable, that the surface of all the waters of the earth is horizontal; and that, however irregular the upper outline of the land itself may be, the whole mass, land and water together, constitutes an immense non-moving circular plane.” ~Samuel Birley Rowbotham

Our credulity, though enormous, is not boundless; and our stock of it is quite used up by our mediums, clairvoyants, hand readers, slate writers, Christian Scientists, psycho-analysts, electronic vibration diviners, therapeutics of all schools registered and unregistered, astrologers, astronomers who tell us that the sun is nearly a hundred million miles away and the Betelgeuse is ten times as big as the whole universe, physicists who balance Betelgeuse by describing the incredible smallness of the atom, and a host of other marvel mongers whose credulity would have dissolved the Middle Ages in a roar of skeptical merriment.

In the Middle Ages people believed that the earth was flat, for which they had at least the evidence of their senses: we believe it to be round, not because as many as one per cent of us could give the physical reasons for so quaint a belief, but because modern science has convinced us that nothing that is obvious is true, and that everything that is magical, improbable, extraordinary, gigantic, microscopic, heartless, or outrageous is scientific.

~ George Bernard Shaw (‘Saint Joan’)

“Ignorant folk think that such minority opinions as Geocentrism are the ‘conspiracy theories’… There is a real conspiracy for sure but the sad thing is it is mostly a conspiracy of willful and apathetic ignorance (for numerous reasons). The very people who would call Geocentrists ‘quack conspiracy theorists’ are either themselves completely ignorant of even modern cosmological axioms and principles of gravitation and mechanics or they are just ‘playing stupid,’ hoping that no one will notice or call their bluff … What’s even more hilarious is the fact that even folk like Steven Hawking and a few intellectually honest physicists and cosmologists who would read what we are saying and are capable of understanding it, know that what we have been saying is absolutely true (it is a philosophical not a logic and observational choice). Not only do they admit that but even ‘snicker’ about it to each other but they won’t dare to address that too openly with the dumb, ignorant masses… best not to confuse the common folk with unnecessary information and facts. Even more sad are all the others out there who don’t have a clue what I’m saying here and shake their heads thinking they know something about physics that tells them that the Earth moves. If only they studied the text books and peer-reviewed papers a little closer, they would realize just how absolutely ignorant with a capital ‘I’ that argument really is.” ~Allen Daves

“What strikes you as being some thoughts that people would have if – in the short space of a few weeks – the universally held conviction that the Earth rotates on an axis daily and orbits the sun annually were exposed as an unscientific deception? Keep in mind that a rotating, orbiting earth is not counted as a mere hypothesis or even a theory anywhere in the world today. Oh no. Rather, this concept is an unquestioned ‘truth’; an established ‘fact’ in all books and other media everywhere, church media included. Copernicanism, in short, is a concept that is protected in a bunker under a 50 foot thick ceiling of solid ‘scientific’ concrete. It is meant to be impregnable. It is a concept that has become ensconced in men’s minds as the indestructible cornerstone of enlightened modern man’s knowledge. Virtually all people everywhere have been taught to believe – and do believe – that this concept is based on objective science and dispassionate secular reasoning.” ~Marshall Hall, “Exposing the Copernican Deception”

“Every experiment ever designed to detect the motion of the earth has failed to detect earth’s motion and/or distinguish it from relative counter motion of the universe.” ~Mark Wyatt, “Is Geocentricism Possible?”

“The heliocentric theory, by putting the sun at the center of the universe … made man appear to be just one of a possible host of wanderers drifting through a cold sky. It seemed less likely that he was born to live gloriously and to attain paradise upon his death. Less likely, too, was it that he was the object of God’s ministrations.” ~Morris Kline

“The satellites of the earth are not masses of matter. They are luminous and transparent discs without substance. The moon, in particular, conveys the impression of being an ethereal manifestation, and the uncertain and illusive character which is usually associated with this satellite results precisely from its immaterial nature. It was recognized from the earliest times that the satellites of the earth, particularly the sun and the moon, were not solid, opaque bodies. They were first, until Aristotle, considered to be souls or spirits, which does not imply a physical nature. To the ancients, they were simply lights, and they gave the sun and the moon a very apt name. They called them luminaries.” ~Gabrielle Henriet, “Heaven and Earth” (34-36)

“Trust your eyes and your cameras! They have no reason to deceive you about whether the stars are going around nightly! Then get it in your mind: This single fact surrounding star trails that has been photographed thousands of times and cannot be denied must be explained away by the Theoretical Science Establishment. All of the factless allegations – a rotating and orbiting Earth; billions of light year distances to the stars; a 15 billion year old universe; the whole Big Bang Paradigm; all of the alleged evolution of the universe, earth, and mankind; …that is to say: all of modern evolution-based cosmology controlling “knowledge” today…all of it… is completely undone if the stars are doing what cameras show they are doing, namely, going around the Earth nightly … If you can do so for a few minutes, just lay aside the Copernican indoctrination that accompanies such pictures and take a good hard look at these photographs of something that really, really happens every single night. Do you see what I see? I see all the visible stars in the northern skies going around the North Star in perfect circles. In other words, I see all the stars which these time exposures have recorded actually going around that navigational star that God put there for us in the Northern Hemisphere. Remember: the first two pictures are eight hour exposures. Again, look closely and you can see the third of a circle in the center and in the next star trail or so. This means that each star circles in one 24 hour day. The same thing is captured in circumpolar photos taken in the Southern Hemisphere.” -Marshall Hall, “The Size and Structure of the Universe”

“The struggle, so violent in the early days of science, between the views of Ptolemy and Copernicus would then be quite meaningless. Either coordinate system could be used with equal justification. The two sentences, ‘the sun is at rest and the earth moves,’ or ‘the sun moves and the earth is at rest,’ would simply mean two different conventions concerning two different coordinate systems.” ~Albert Einstein

“Common sense is what tells us the earth is flat.” ~Albert Einstein

“People need to be aware that there is a range of models that could explain the observations. For instance, I can construct you a spherically symmetrical universe with Earth at its center, and you cannot disprove it based on observations. You can only exclude it on philosophical grounds. In my view there is absolutely nothing wrong in that. What I want to bring into the open is the fact that we are using philosophical criteria in choosing our models. A lot of cosmology tries to hide that.” ~Cosmologist George Ellis, “Thinking Globally, Acting Universally”

“When sitting in a rapidly-moving railway carriage, let a spring-gun be fired forward, or in the direction in which the train is moving. Again, let the same gun be fired, but in the opposite direction; and it will be found that the ball or other projectile will always go farther in the first case than in the latter. If a person leaps backwards from a horse in full gallop, he cannot jump so great a distance as he can by jumping forward. Leaping from a moving sledge, coach, or other object, backwards or forwards, the same results are experienced. Many other practical cases could be cited to show that any body projected from another body in motion, does not exhibit the same behaviour as it does when projected from a body at rest. Nor are the results the same when projected in the same direction as that in which the body moves, as when projected in the opposite direction; because, in the former case, the projected body receives its momentum from the projectile force, plus that given to it by the moving body; and in the latter case, this momentum, minus that of the moving body. Hence it would be found that if the earth is moving rapidly from west to east, a cannon fired in a due easterly direction would send a ball to a greater distance than it would if fired in a due westerly direction. But the most experienced artillerymen – many of whom have had great practice, both at home and abroad, in almost every latitude – have declared that no difference whatever is observable. That in charging and pointing their guns, no difference in the working is ever required. Gunners in war ships have noticed a considerable difference in the results of their firing from guns at the bow, when sailing rapidly towards the object fired at, and when firing from guns placed at the stern while sailing away from the object: and in both cases the results are different to those observed when firing from a ship at perfect rest. These details of practical experience are utterly incompatible with the supposition of a revolving earth.” ~Samuel Rowbotham, “Zetetic Astronomy”

“In short, the sun, moon, and stars are actually doing precisely what everyone throughout all history has seen them do. We do not believe what our eyes tell us because we have been taught a counterfeit system which demands that we believe what has never been confirmed by observation or experiment. That counterfeit system demands that the Earth rotate on an ‘axis’ every 24 hours at a speed of over 1000 MPH at the equator. No one has ever, ever, ever seen or felt such movement (nor seen or felt the 67,000MPH speed of the Earth’s alleged orbit around the sun … or its 500,000 MPH alleged speed around a galaxy … or its retreat from an alleged ‘Big Bang’ at over 670,000,000 MPH!). Remember, no experiment has ever shown the earth to be moving. Add to that the fact that the alleged rotational speed we’ve all been taught as scientific fact MUST decrease every inch or mile one goes north or south of the equator, and it becomes readily apparent that such things as accurate aerial bombing in WWII (down a chimney from 25,000 feet with a plane going any direction at high speed) would have been impossible if calculated on an earth moving below at several hundred MPH and changing constantly with the latitude.” ~Marshall Hall, “A Small, Young Universe After All”

“They want you to believe that the Moon’s rotation is perfectly synchronized with its orbit so that’s why we only ever see one side of the Moon, rather than conclude the obvious – that the Moon is simply NOT rotating. Moreover, they had to slow down the Moon’s speed by 58,870 mph AND reverse its direction to West-East to successfully sell their phony heliocentricity system to a gullible public. I don’t think there is one person in many, many thousands – regardless of education – who knows that the Copernican Model had to turn the Moon’s observable direction around and give it a new speed to accommodate the phases and eclipses.” ~Marshall Hall

“The Moon presented a special math problem for the construction of the heliocentricity model. The only way to make the Moon fit in with the other assumptions was to reverse its direction from that of what everyone who has ever lived has seen it go. The math model couldn’t just stop the Moon like it did the Sun, that wouldn’t work. And it couldn’t let it continue to go East to West as we see it go, either at the same speed or at a different speed. The only option was to reverse its observed East to West direction and change its speed from about 64,000 miles an hour to about 2,200 miles an hour. This reversal, along with the change in speed, were unavoidable assumptions that needed to be adopted if the model was to have any chance of mimicking reality.” ~Bernard Brauer

“Astronomers tell us that the Moon goes round the Earth in about 28 days. Well, we may see her making her journey round every day, if we make use of our eyes and these are about the best things we have to use. The Moon falls behind in her daily motion as compared with that of the Sun to the extent of one revolution in the time specified; but that is not making a revolution. Failing to go as fast as other bodies go in one direction does not constitute a going round in the opposite one – as the astronomers would have us believe! And, since all this absurdity has been rendered necessary for no other purpose than to help other absurdities along, it is clear that the astronomers are on the wrong track.” ~William Carpenter, “100 Proofs the Earth is Not a Globe” (82)

“As the sun, according to ‘science’ may be anything from 3 to 104 million miles away, there is plenty of ‘space’ to choose from. It is like the showman and the child. You pay your money – for various astronomical works – and you take your choice as to what distance you wish the sun to be. If you are a modest person, go in for a few millions; but if you wish to be ‘very scientific’ and to be ‘mathematically certain’ of your figures, then I advise you to make your choice somewhere about a hundred millions. You will at least have plenty of ‘space’ to retreat into, should the next calculation be against the figures of your choice. You can always add a few millions to ‘keep up with the times,’ or take off as many as may be required to adjust the distance to the ‘very latest’ accurate column of figures. Talk about ridicule, the whole of modern astronomy is like a farcical comedy – full of surprises. One never knows what monstrous or ludicrous absurdity may come forth next. You must not apply the ordinary rules of common-sense to astronomical guesswork. No, the thing would fall to pieces if you did.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny” (115)

“The earth is a stretched-out structure, which diverges from the central north in all directions towards the south. The equator, being midway between the north center and the southern circumference, divides the course of the sun into north and south declination. The longest circle round the world which the sun makes, is when it has reached its greatest southern declination. Gradually going northwards the circle is contracted. In about three months after the southern extremity of its path has been reached, the sun makes a circle round the equator. Still pursuing a northerly course as it goes round and above the world, in another three months the greatest northern declination is reached, when the sun again begins to go towards the south. In north latitudes, when the sun is going north, it rises earlier each day, is higher at noon and sets later; while in southern latitudes at the same time, the sun as a matter of course rises later, reaches a lesser altitude at noon and sets earlier. In northern latitudes during the southern summer, say from September to December, the sun rises later each day, is lower at noon and sets earlier; while in the south he rises earlier, reaches a higher altitude at noon, and sets later each day. This movement round the earth daily is the cause of the alternations of day and night; while his northerly and southerly courses produce the seasons. When the sun is south of the equator it is summer in the south and winter in the north; and vice versa. The fact of the alternation of the seasons flatly contradicts the Newtonian delusion that the earth revolves in an orbit round the sun. It is said that summer is caused by the earth being nearest the sun, and winter by its being farthest from the sun. But if the reader will follow the argument in any text book he will see that according to the theory, when the earth is nearest the sun there must be summer in both northern and southern latitudes; and in like manner when it is farthest from the sun, it must be winter all over the earth at the same time, because the whole of the globe-earth would then be farthest from the sun!!! In short, it is impossible to account for the recurrence of the seasons on the assumption that the earth is globular and that it revolves in an orbit around the sun.” ~Thomas Winship, “Zetetic Cosmogeny” (124-125)

“So this modern atheistic, Big Bang, heliocentric globe earth, chance evolution, paradigm spiritually controls humanity by removing God or any sort of intelligent design from the mind and replaces purposeful divine creation with haphazard random cosmic coincidence. And so by removing Earth from the motionless center of the universe these Masons have moved us physically and metaphysically from a place of supreme importance to one of complete nihilistic indifference. If the Earth is the center of the Universe then the ideas of God creation and a purpose for human existence are resplendent, but if the Earth is just one of billions of planets revolving around billions of stars and billions of galaxies then the ideas of God creations and a specific purpose of for Earth and human existence become highly implausible.” ~Eric Dubay, The Flat Earth Conspiracy

Friends have often asked me why
I’m sensitive about my height
I will look around and say,
hmm–I thought I was immune
all my life I have waited
to be given any word
it was screaming to be heard
please remember…

The Earth can be any shape you want it
Any shape at all
Dark and cold or bright and warm
Long or thin or small
But it’s home and all I ever had
And maybe why for me the Earth is flat

Turn the island to the storm tonight
Who turned it?
Then when they spill the demon seed
Turn and face into the wind
All along you still believed
Believed you were immune
And if love is all you’re missing
Look into your heart
is anybody home?
please remember…

the Earth can be any shape you want it
any in the world
but don’t you point that ray gun at me
I might just explode
there are stones buried in your soul
and only a fool would blame the death of rock and roll
and in time you’ll come to understand
this flat old Earth is in your gentle hands

~Thomas Dolby (Lyrics to “The Flat Earth”).

“The essential feature of the year is its division into two equal periods of six months, based first on the predominating length of the days over that of the nights, and vice versa, conditions which are governed by the varying hours of sunrise and sunset; and secondly, by the either high or low height reached by the sun in the heavens at mid-day. The first cycle, during which the days are longer than the nights and the sun reaches its culminating point of the year, extends from the spring equinox to the autumn equinox, i.e. March 21st to September 22nd; and the second cycle during which, inversely, the duration of the nights exceeds that of the days, and the sun descends to its lowest point of the year, extends from the autumn equinox to the spring equinox, i.e. September 23rd to March 20th. These two six-month periods are also characterized by an opposition of temperature. During the first cycle which corresponds to spring and summer, the heat gradually rises and falls, while during the second cycle which comprises autumn and winter, it is the intensity of the cold which progressively increases and decreases.” -Gabrielle Henriet, “Heaven and Earth” (3-4)

“The seasons are caused by the Sun’s circuit round the Earth in a spiral ecliptic. In the Winter Solstice (December 21st), the Sun is vertical over the Tropic of Capricorn. Looking South from London, he appears to make a small circuit in the Southern sky, during the same period he is seen to cross the sky at almost overhead in Cape Town, thus causing Summer in the Southern Hemisphere. In the Summer Solstice (June 21st), the Sun is vertical over the Tropic of Cancer, (nearly overhead in London), while looking North from Cape Town, he appears to make a small circuit in the Northern sky, causing Winter in the Southern and Summer in the Northern Hemisphere.” -E. Eschini, “Foundations of Many Generations” (7)

“What can be more common than the observation that, standing at one end of a long row of lamp-posts, those nearest to us seem to be the highest; and those farthest away the lowest; whilst, as we move along towards the opposite end of the series, those which we approach seem to get higher, and those we are leaving behind appear to gradually become lower … It is an ordinary effect of perspective for an object to appear lower and lower as the observer goes farther and farther away from it. Let anyone try the experiment of looking at a light-house, church spire, monument, gas lamp, or other elevated object, from a distance of only a few yards, and notice the angle at which it is observed. Ongoing farther away, the angle under which it is seen will diminish, and the object will appear lower and lower as the distance of the observer increases, until, at a certain point, the line of sight to the object, and the apparently uprising surface of the earth upon or over which it stands, will converge to the angle which constitutes the ‘vanishing point’ or the horizon; beyond which it will be invisible.” -Dr. Samuel Rowbotham, “Zetetic Astronomy, Earth Not a Globe!” (230-1)

“The Path of the Sun is Concentric, expanding and contracting daily for six months alternately. This is easily proved by fixing a rod, say at noon on the 21st of December, so that, on looking along it, the line of vision will touch the lower edge of the Sun. This line of sight will continue for several days pretty much the same, but, on the ninth or tenth day, it will be found that the rod will have to be moved considerably toward the zenith, in order to touch the lower edge of the Sun, and every day afterwards it will have to be raised till the 22nd of June. Then there will be little change for a few days as before, but day by day afterwards the rod will have to be lowered till the 21st of December, when the Sun is farthest from the Northern Centre, and it is dark there. This expansion and contraction of the Sun’s path continues every year, and is termed the Northern and Southern Declination, and should demonstrate to Modem Astronomers the absurdity of calling the World a Planet, as it remains stationary while the Sun continues circling round the heavens.” –David Wardlaw Scott, “Terra Firma” (184-5)

With haughty arrogance the nearest hypnotized heliocentrist will then inform you that the Sun is 865,374 miles in diameter and 92,955,807 miles from the Earth, the Moon is 2,159 miles in diameter and 238,900 miles from Earth, and those just happen to be the EXACT diameters and distances necessary for a viewer from Earth to falsely perceive them as being the same size! So, you see, silly Flat-Earther, it is all an illusion and the apparent equanimity of our day and night luminaries in the sky results from mere coincidental parallax perspective! The Sun does not revolve around the Earth as it appears; rather the Earth spins 1,038 mph under your feet and revolves 67,108 mph around the Sun! The Moon does indeed revolve around the Earth, but not as it appears! Though it seems to move East to West just like the Sun and everything else in the heavens, the Moon actually spins West to East at 10.3 mph while orbiting Earth at 2,288 mph, which combined with the Earth’s 1,038mph spin and 67,108 mph orbit around the Sun coincidentally results in all motions perfectly cancelling out making the Moon seem to move across the heavens with similar path and similar speed as the Sun while always only showing us one side of its surface, and perpetually hiding its “dark side.” -Eric Dubay

“The earth is flat. Whoever claims it is round is an atheist deserving of punishment.~ Sheik Abdul-Aziz Ibn Baaz, supreme religious authority of Saudi Arabia, 1993

“When the United States declares the earth is flat,” says Charles Johnson, “and we hope to be instrumental in making it do so, it will be the first nation in all recorded history to be known as a flat-earth nation. ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

“It’s the Church of England that’s taught that the world is a ball,” he argues. “George Washington, on the other hand, was a flat-earther. He broke with England to get away from those superstitions.”“Moses was a flat-earther,” he reveals. “The Flat Earth Society was founded in 1492 B.C., when Moses led the children of Israel out of Egypt and gave them the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai.”
Obviously water’s flat, isn’t it?” he said in a Times interview in 1992. “They’re trying to tell you this water’s bent!”
Asked why don’t people fall off if the Earth if flat, Johnson would patiently explain, “There is no edge. As far as we know, it’s endless.”
“Australians,” he once elaborated in the Flat Earth News, “do not hang by their feet underneath the world!”
“Nobody knows anything about the true shape of the world,” he contends.
“The whole point of the Copernican theory is to get rid of Jesus by saying there is no up and no down,” declares Johnson. “The spinning ball thing just makes the whole Bible a big joke.”
“Wherever you find people with a great reservoir of common sense,” he says, “they don’t believe idiotic things such as the earth spinning around the sun. Reasonable, intelligent people have always recognized that the earth is flat.”
Fond of plays on words, he consistently pronounces Nicolaus Koppernigk’s Latinized surname as “co-pernicious.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

“In the old days, people believed the earth was flat, because it’s logical, but they didn’t have a picture of the way it was, as we have today. Our concept of the world is new. ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

“It’s the Church of England that’s taught that the world is a ball,” he argues. “George Washington, on the other hand, was a flat-earther. He broke with England to get away from those superstitions.”
“Moses was a flat-earther,” he reveals. “The Flat Earth Society was founded in 1492 B.C., when Moses led the children of Israel out of Egypt and gave them the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

“Marjory and I are the avant garde. We’re way ahead of the pack.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

Obviously water’s flat, isn’t it?” he said in a Times interview in 1992. “They’re trying to tell you this water’s bent!” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

Asked why don’t people fall off if the Earth if flat, Johnson would patiently explain, “There is no edge. As far as we know, it’s endless.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

“Australians,” he once elaborated in the Flat Earth News, “do not hang by their feet underneath the world!” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

When the space shuttle Columbia first landed next door at Edwards in 1981, he scoffed: “This airplane landed, but it’s just a simple, stupid old airplane carried piggyback and dropped over Lancaster. . . . It hasn’t orbited the Earth–that we know.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

“Moses was a flat-Earther,” he said in several interviews. “The Flat Earth Society was founded in 1492 BC (biblical scholars date the Exodus to 1491 BC) when Moses led the children of Israel out of Egypt and gave them the Ten Commandments at Mt. Sinai.” Presumably, had the Earth been round, they would have fallen off before reaching the biblical promised land.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

”Jesus believed in a flat Earth, Johnson said, because he ascended to heaven, and if the Earth were a ball, “there [would be] no up nor down.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

”Christopher Columbus was a flat Earth believer too, Johnson told The Times, discussing events of 1492: “He had enough sense to know that if the world was a ball, he would have fallen off.”

“Marjory has always known that the earth is flat, too,” says Charles Johnson. “As far as she knew, everybody in Australia knew it. She was rather shocked when she arrived here and found people speaking of Australia as being ‘down under.’ It really offended her. She would get in quite heated arguments with people who seemed to accuse her of coming from down under the world.” Ultimately, Marjory Johnson swore in an affidavit that she had never hung by her feet in Australia.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

”If the Shuttle ever does orbit on its own, it’s supposed to return to Edwards Air Force Base. To Johnson, that’s appropriate enough.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

“Do you know what they’re doing at Edwards right now?” he asks. “‘Buck Rogers in the 25th Century’ is made right where they claim they’re going to land the Shuttle. Edwards is strictly a science-fiction base now. ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

“In the old days, people believed the earth was flat, because it’s logical, but they didn’t have a picture of the way it was, as we have today. Our concept of the world is new. ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

“Marjory and I are the avant garde. We’re way ahead of the pack.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

“Buck is a much better science program, considerably more authentic. In fact, I recommend that the government get out of the space business and turn the whole thing over to ABC, CBS, and NBC. The tv networks do a far superior job. They could actually pay the government for rights, and it wouldn’t cost the taxpayers a penny.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

If it is a sphere, the surface of a large body of water must be curved. The Johnsons have checked the surfaces of Lake Tahoe and the Salton Sea (a shallow salt lake in southern California near the Mexican border) without detecting any curvature. ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

”If the Shuttle ever does orbit on its own, it’s supposed to return to Edwards Air Force Base. To Johnson, that’s appropriate enough.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

“Do you know what they’re doing at Edwards right now?” he asks. “‘Buck Rogers in the 25th Century’ is made right where they claim they’re going to land the Shuttle. Edwards is strictly a science-fiction base now.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

“Buck is a much better science program, considerably more authentic. In fact, I recommend that the government get out of the space business and turn the whole thing over to ABC, CBS, and NBC. The tv networks do a far superior job. They could actually pay the government for rights, and it wouldn’t cost the taxpayers a penny.” ~ Charles Johnson, Flat Earth Society

“Space may be the final frontier, but it’s made in a Hollywood basement” ~ Red Hot Chili Peppers

2- البقرة 22
Al-Baqarah (the cow). II Surat
Verse 22
( 22 ) [He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the sky a ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him].

3– الرعد 3
Surat Ar-R’d ( the thunder). XIII
Verse 3
( 3 ) And it is He who spread the earth and placed therein firmly set mountains and rivers; and from all of the fruits He made therein two mates; He causes the night to cover the day. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought.

4– الحجر 19
Surat Al-Hijr (The Rocky Tract). XV
Verse 19
( 19 ) And the earth – We have spread it and cast therein firmly set mountains and caused to grow therein [something] of every well-balanced thing.

5– النحل 15
Surst An-Nahl (The Bees). XVI
Verse 15
( 15 ) And He has cast into the earth firmly set mountains, lest it shift with you, and [made] rivers and roads, that you may be guided,

6– الأنبياء 44
Surat Al- AnbIya’ ( The Prophet). XII
Verse 44
( 44 ) But, [on the contrary], We have provided good things for these [disbelievers] and their fathers until life was prolonged for them. Then do they not see that We set upon the land, reducing it from its borders? So it is they who will overcome?

7– النمل 61
Surat Al- Naml (The Ants). XXVII
Verse 61
( 61 ) Is He [not best] who made the earth a stable ground and placed within it rivers and made for it firmly set mountains and placed between the two seas a barrier? Is there a deity with Allah? [No], but most of them do not know.

8– لقمان 10
Surat Luqman (Luqman). XXXI
Verse 10
( 10 ) He created the heavens without pillars that you see and has cast into the earth firmly set mountains, lest it should shift with you, and dispersed therein from every creature. And We sent down rain from the sky and made grow therein [plants] of every noble kind.

9– غافر 64
Surat Ghafir ( The Forgiver). XL
Verse 64
( 64 ) It is Allah who made for you the earth a place of settlement(stable) and the sky a ceiling and formed you and perfected your forms and provided you with good things. That is Allah, your Lord; then blessed is Allah, Lord of the worlds.

10– الزخرف 10
Surat Az-Zukhruf (The Gold Adornments). XLIII
Verse 10
( 10 ) [The one] who has made for you the earth a bed and made for you upon it roads that you might be guided.

11– ق 7
Surat Qaf. L
Verse 7
( 7 ) And the earth – We spread it out and cast therein firmly set mountains and made grow therein [something] of every beautiful kind,

12– الذاريات 48
Surat Adh-Dhariyat (The Winds That Scatter). LI
Verse 48
( 48 ) And the earth We have spread out, and excellent is the preparer.

13– الحديد 21
Surat Al-Hadid ( Iron). LVII
Verse 21
( 21 ) Race toward forgiveness from your Lord and a Garden whose width is like the width of the heavens and earth, prepared for those who believed in Allah and His messengers. That is the bounty of Allah which He gives to whom He wills, and Allah is the possessor of great bounty.

14– النازعات 30
Surat An- Nazi’ at ( Those Who Pull Out). LXXIX
Verse 30
( 30 ) And after that He spread the earth.

15– الانشقاق 3
Surat Al-Inshiqaq ( The Spletting Asunder). LXXXIV
Verse 3
( 3 ) And when the earth has been extended

16– الغاشية 20
Surat Al-Ghashiyah (The Overwhelming). LXXXVIII
Verse 20
20 ) And at the earth – how it is spread out?)

17– الشمس 6
Surat-Ash-Shams ( The Sun). XCI
Verse 6
( 6 ) And [by] the earth and He who spread .

“It is commonly believed that man will fly directly from the earth to the moon, but to do this, we would require a vehicle of such gigantic proportions that it would prove an economic impossibility. It would have to develop sufficient speed to penetrate the atmosphere and overcome the earth’s gravity and, having traveled all the way to the moon, it must still have enough fuel to land safely and make the return trip to earth. Furthermore, in order to give the expedition a margin of safety, we would not use one ship alone, but a minimum of three … each rocket ship would be taller than New York’s Empire State Building [almost ¼ mile high] and weigh about ten times the tonnage of Moon Queen Mary, or some 800,000 tons.”~ Wernher von Braun, writing in Conquest of the Moon

“Today we cannot say that the Copernican theory is “right” and the Ptolemaic theory is “wrong” in any meaningful sense (…) Science today is locked into paradigms. Every avenue is blocked by beliefs that are wrong, and if you try to get anything published in a journal today, you will run up against a paradigm, and the editors will turn you down.” ~ Fred Hoyle, Nicolaus Copernicus (London: Heinemann Educational Books Ltd., 1973), p. 78.

“The struggle, so violent in the early days of science, between the views of Ptolemy and Copernicus would then be quite meaningless. Either CS could be used with equal justification. The two sentences, ‘the sun is at rest and the earth moves,’ or ‘the sun moves and the earth is at rest,’ would simply mean two different conventions concerning two different CS.” ~ Einstein and Infeld, The Evolution of Physics, p.212 (p.248 in original 1938 ed.); Note: CS = coordinate system

“…Thus we may return to Ptolemy’s point of view of a ‘motionless earth’…One has to show that the transformed metric can be regarded as produced according to Einstein’s field equations, by distant rotating masses. This has been done by Thirring. He calculated a field due to a rotating, hollow, thick-walled sphere and proved that inside the cavity it behaved as though there were centrifugal and other inertial forces usually attributed to absolute space. Thus from Einstein’s point of view, Ptolemy and Corpenicus are equally right.” ~ Max Born said in his famous book,”Einstein’s Theory of Relativity”, Dover Publications,1962, pgs 344 & 345

”…we have seen, Leibniz and Mach emphasized that the Ptolemaic geocentric system and the Copernican heliocentric system are equally valid and correct….the Copernican world view, which is usually seen as being proved to be true by Galileo and Newton….the gravitational attraction between the sun and the planets, the earth and other planets do not fall into the sun because they have an acceleration relative to the fixed stars. The distant matter in the universe exerts a force, on accelerated planets, keeping them in their annual orbits. In the Ptolemaic system, the earth is considered to be at rest and without rotation in the center of the universe, while the sun, other planets and fixed stars rotate around the earth. In relational mechanics this rotation of distant matter yields the force ….. Now the gravitational attraction of the sun is balanced by a real gravitational centrifugal force due to the annual rotation of distant masses around the earth (with a component having a period of one year). In this way the earth can remain at rest and at an essentially constant distance from the sun. The diurnal rotation of distant masses around the earth (with a period of one day) yields a real gravitational centrifugal force flattening the earth at the poles. Foucault’s pendulum is explained by a real Coriolis force acting on moving masses over the earth’s surface …..The effect of this force will be to keep the plane of oscillation of the pendulum rotating together with the fixed stars.” ~ Andre K. T. Assis, (professor of physics at the University of Campinas – UNICAMP, in Brazil) Relational Mechanics, pp. 190-191

“The bulge of the Earth’s equator may be attributed indifferently to the Earth’s rotation or to the outward pull of the centrifugal force introduced when the Earth is regarded as non-rotating” ~ Arthur Eddington, “Space, Time and Gravitation: An Outline of the General Relativity Theory”, 1923, pp. 24, 41

“We might hope therefore that the Einstein theory, which is well suited to such problems, would throw more light on the matter. But instead of adding further support to the heliocentric picture of the planetary motions, the Einstein theory goes in the opposite direction, giving increased respectability to the geocentric picture” ~ Sir Fred Hoyle, Nicolaus Copernicus: An Essay on His Life and Work, p. 87

The ancient Chaldeans made very exact observations concerning the connection of human time-reckoning with the heavenly phenomena. They had a highly develop ‘Calendar-Science’. Much that appears to us today as self-evident really dates back to the Chaldeans. Yet the Chaldeans were satisfied with a mathematical picture of the Heavens which portrayed the Earth more or less as a flat disc, with the hollow hemisphere of the heavenly vault arched above, the fixed stars fastened to it, and the planets moving over it ~ Rudolph Steiner

“The Earth is flat. The Earth is flat. Yeah, it is. Yes, it is. Listen, there are three ways to manipulate the mind: what you read, what you see and what you hear. ~ Shaquille O’Neal

“I drive from coast to coast, and this is flat to me. I’m just saying. I drive from Florida to California all the time, and it’s flat to me.” ~Shaquille O’Neal

“I do not go up and down at a 360-degree angle, and all that stuff about gravity, have you looked outside Atlanta lately and seen all these buildings?” ~ Shaquille O’Neal

“So you mean to tell me that China is under us? China is under us? It’s not. The world is flat. The world is flat. Satellite imagery could be drawn and made up.” ~ Shaquille O’Neal

“If you really think about it from the landscape of the way we travel, the way we move, and the fact that — can you really think of us rotating around the sun and all planets aligned, rotating in specific dates, being perpendicular with what’s going on with these planets?” ~ Kyrie Irving

“This is not even a conspiracy theory.” ~ Kyrie Irving

“the truth is right there. You’ve just got to go searching for it.” ~ Kyrie Irving

“I’ve seen a lot of things that my educational system has said that was real that turned out to be completely fake, I don’t mind going against the grain in terms of my thoughts.” ~ Kyrie Irving

Earth is a realm, it is not a planet. It is not an object, therefore, it has no edge. Earth would be more easily defined as a system environment. Earth is also a machine, it is a Tesla coil. The sun and moon are powered wirelessly with the electromagnetic field (the Aether) This field also suspends the celestial spheres with electomag levitation. Electromag levitation disproves gravity because the only force you need to counter is the electromagnetic force, not gravity. ~Darrell Fox

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